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Map
Sao Tome and Principe
Summary statistics
Region Middle Africa  
Currency Dobra (STD)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 964  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 169  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 174.8  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) São Tomé (64)  
United Nations membership date 16 September 1975  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 256  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 207  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 123  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 4.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 4.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 1519.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1254.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 808.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 1553.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1271.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 793.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 25.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 26.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 26.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 18935.00 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 18335.60 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 11929.70 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -107  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -36  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 ... Index base 1996=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 1432 Index base 1996=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 561 Index base 1996=100.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 116  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 113  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 116  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 113  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 43.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 43.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 40.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 76.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 76.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 75.6  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 ...  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 8  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 16  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 73.0  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 66.8  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 12.5  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 20.2  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 18.8  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 13.8  
Exports (million US$) 2011 6.4 2010.  
Imports (million US$) 2011 112.2 2010.  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -105.8 2010.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Portugal (42.2), Belgium (21.9), Netherlands (15.6) 2010.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 Portugal (62.3), Angola (15.6), Gabon (5.2) 2010.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1  
Urban population (%) 2012 63.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 39.4  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.9/4.5  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.2  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 66.5/63.5  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 47.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 38.4  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 5.3/3.2 Data refer to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 0 Value is zero, not available or not applicable.  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 103.0/101.3  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 48.8  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.7/3.4 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 18.2  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 76  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 28.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 128/0.8  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 271.0 UNSD estimate.  
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United Nations Statistics Division
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