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Summary statistics
Region Middle Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 964  
Population (est., 000) 198  
Pop. density (per sq km) 205.3  
Capital city São Tomé  
Capital city pop. (000) 71  
Currency Dobra (STD)  
UN membership date 16 September 1975  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 342  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 217  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 125  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 4.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 4.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 1.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 1769.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1216.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 807.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 1764.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1214.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 792.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 31.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 21.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 26.5  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 17765.20 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 18335.60 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 11929.70 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -80  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -88  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -36  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 1958 Index base 1996=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 1432 Index base 1996=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 561 Index base 1996=100.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 111  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 111  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 45.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 44.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 41.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 77.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 76.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 74.9  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 ...  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 8  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 16  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 1 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 1  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 64.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 57.6  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 7.7  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 23.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 18.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 13.8 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 6.9  
Imports (million US$) 2013 152.1  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -145.2  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Netherlands (29.0), Belgium (20.3), France (11.6)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Portugal (59.2), Angola (24.9), United States (2.1)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Urban population (%) 2014 64.5  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 41.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 5.2/4.2  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 97.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 68.2/64.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 43.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.1  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 38.4  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 6.3/3.3 Refers to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 0 Value is zero, not available or not applicable.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 9.5  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 102.9/101.2  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 45.7  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 3.3  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 18.2  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 81  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 28.1  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 97.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 34.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 103/0.6  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 14.0 UNSD estimate.  
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United Nations Statistics Division
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