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Summary statistics
Region Middle Africa  
Currency Dobra (STD)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 964  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 188  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 195.1  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) São Tomé (64)  
United Nations membership date 16 September 1975  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 261  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 217  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 125  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 6.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 4.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 1.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 1386.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1216.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 807.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 1396.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1220.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 792.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 24.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 24.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 26.5  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 18569.00 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 18335.60 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 11929.70 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -100  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -88  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -36  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 ... Index base 1996=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 1432 Index base 1996=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 561 Index base 1996=100.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 122  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 118  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 122  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 118  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 44.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 44.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 41.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 77.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 76.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 74.9  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 12 2011.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 8  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 16  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 71.0 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 62.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 7.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 21.6 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 18.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 13.8 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 6.0  
Imports (million US$) 2012 141.3  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -135.3  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Netherlands (43.3), France (10.0), Spain (10.0)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Portugal (52.0), Angola (22.4), Belgium (3.5)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1  
Urban population (%) 2013 64.1  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 41.6  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 5.2/4.2  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 97.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 68.2/64.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 43.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.1  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 38.4  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 6.3/3.3 Data refer to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 0 Value is zero, not available or not applicable.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 9.5  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 100.0/98.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 45.7  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.7/3.4 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 18.2  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 78  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 28.1  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 99/0.6  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 203.0  
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