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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Currency Rwanda Franc (RWF)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 26338  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 11458  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 435.0  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Kigali (1004)  
United Nations membership date 18 September 1962  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 7103  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 5625  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2581  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 8.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 9.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 619.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 519.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 273.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 613.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 514.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 270.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 22.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 21.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 15.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 631.41 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 594.45 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 553.72 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -821  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -414  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -65  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 240 Kigali.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 214 Kigali.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 138 Kigali.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 166  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 145  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 168  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 146  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 3.8 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 78.8 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 86.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 86.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 85.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 85.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 85.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 83.9  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 815  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 504  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 494 2006.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 10  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 6  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 50.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 33.4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 2.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 8.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 8.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.6 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 505.7  
Imports (million US$) 2012 1624.2  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -1118.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 United Rep. Tanzania (32.6), Dem. Rep. of Congo (21.6), Kenya (18.7)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Uganda (14.4), China (13.3), India (8.3)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5  
Urban population (%) 2013 19.7  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 42.9  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 4.4/3.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 95.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 65.3/61.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 49.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.6  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 51.6  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 452.4/3.8 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 77342  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.2  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 85.4/83.4  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 44.9  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 6.3/28.2 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 63.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 58  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 18.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 594/0.1  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 19.0 UNSD estimate.  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 951 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 15.7/26.9 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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