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Map
Rwanda
Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Currency Rwanda Franc (RWF)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 26340 Data produced by the Ministry of Natural Resources.  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 10943  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 415.5  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Kigali (1004)  
United Nations membership date 18 September 1962  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 6377  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 5625  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2581  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 8.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 9.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 583.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 529.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 281.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 578.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 525.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 278.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 21.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 21.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 15.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 604.14 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 594.45 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 553.72 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -421  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -84  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 103 Kigali. Index base 2010=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 214 Kigali. Index base 2010=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 138 Kigali.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 156  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 144  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 157  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 146  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 3.8 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 78.8 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 86.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 86.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 85.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 85.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 85.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 83.8  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 ...  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 619  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 494 2006.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 9 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 6  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 41.0  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 33.8  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 2.7  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 7.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 8.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 0.6  
Exports (million US$) 2011 417.3  
Imports (million US$) 2011 1356.6  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -939.3  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Switzerland (16.9), Dem. Rep. of Congo (14.0), Kenya (13.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 Uganda (13.9), China (11.7), Kenya (8.7)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.9  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5  
Urban population (%) 2012 19.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 43.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.7/4.1  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 57.1/54.5  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 92.9  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.3  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 36.4  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 465.5/4.5 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 64145  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 95.3/92.6  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 43.2  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 6.3/28.2 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 56.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 58  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 18.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 725/0.1  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 18.0 UNSD estimate.  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 951  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 15.7/26.9  
Trade Profile
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