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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Eastern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 26338  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 11883  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 481.7  
Capital city 2015 Kigali  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 1257  
Currency 2015 Rwanda Franc (RWF)  
UN membership date 2013 18 September 1962  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 7903  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 5699  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2581  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 7.0  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 7.3  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 9.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 696.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 553.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 286.6  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 35.0 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 34.8 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 41.3 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 15.2 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 13.8 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 12.5 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 49.8 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 51.5 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 46.2 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 75.3 Break in the time series. 2012.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 78.8 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 6.7 Break in the time series. 2012.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 3.8 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 16.2 Break in the time series. 2012.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 16.4 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 2.7 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 2.2 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 2.5 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 86.5/83.1 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 86.4/84.0 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 85.6/82.5 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 123 Index base: 2010=100. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 100 Break in the time series. Index base: 2010=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 138 Kigali.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 170 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 145  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 172 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 146  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -1047  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -412  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -98  
Exports (million US$) 2015 653.4 2014.  
Imports (million US$) 2015 1954.2 2014.  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -1300.8 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 United Rep. Tanzania (27.8), Dem. Rep. of Congo (23.5), Uganda (12.0) 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 China (18.7), Uganda (13.7), Kenya (9.2) 2014.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4  
Urban population (%) 2015 28.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 6.4  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 66.3/59.7  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 78  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 441.5/3.8 Including refugees.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 926  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 135553  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 49  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 7.5  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 5.0 2013.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 135.1/132.0  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 40.9/37.3  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 6.6/8.5 2013.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 63.8  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 64.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 10.6 Estimate.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 3.0 2012.  
Threatened species 2015 61  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 18.9 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 799/0.1  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 83 Estimate.  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 9.0 Estimate.  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 9.4  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 86.6/71.9  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 58.5/62.9  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 13.3  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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