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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 26338  
Population (est., 000) 12100  
Pop. density (per sq km) 459.4  
Capital city Kigali  
Capital city pop. (000) 1223  
Currency Rwanda Franc (RWF)  
UN membership date 18 September 1962  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 7601  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 5699  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2581  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 4.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 9.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 645.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 525.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 273.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 635.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 514.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 270.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 25.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 22.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 17.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 670.08 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 594.45 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 553.72 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -562  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -414  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -65  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 240 Kigali. 2012.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 214 Kigali.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 138 Kigali.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 170  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 145  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 172  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 146  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 0.6  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 0.6  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 0.6  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 3.8 ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 78.8 ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 86.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 86.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 85.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 85.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 85.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 83.9  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 864  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 504  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 494 2006.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 81 2012. UNSD estimate.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 76  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 63  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 56.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 32.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 2.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 8.7 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 8.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.6 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 620.5  
Imports (million US$) 2013 1701.4  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -1080.9  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 United Rep. Tanzania (41.2), Dem. Rep. of Congo (21.7), Uganda (14.0)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 China (15.7), Uganda (11.7), Japan (10.5)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 6.4  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4  
Urban population (%) 2014 27.8  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 42.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 4.5/3.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 95.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 65.3/61.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 49.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.6  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 51.6  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 452.4/3.8 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 76191  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 5.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 84.5/82.1  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 44.9  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 23.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 63.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 61  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 18.4  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 9.4  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 71.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 64.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 664/0.1  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 8.0 UNSD estimate.  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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