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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Europe  
Currency Russian Rouble (RUB)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 17098246  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 143170  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 8.4  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Moscow (11621)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 2029812  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1524917  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 764016  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 3.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 4.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 14177.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 10617.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 5308.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 13711.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 10279.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 5157.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 22.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 21.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 18.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 30.37 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 30.48 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 28.78 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 72016  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 67452  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 84389  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 ...  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 325  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 200  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 120 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 112 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 108  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 94  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 108  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 94  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 5.5 Age group 15 to 72 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.5 Age group 15 to 72 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.2 Age group 15 to 72 years. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 15 to 72 years.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 27.9 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 15 to 72 years. Break in series; data not strictly comparable. 2009.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 29.8 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 15 to 72 years.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 15 to 72 years.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 9.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 15 to 72 years. Break in series; data not strictly comparable. 2009.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 10.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 15 to 72 years.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 57.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 56.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 56.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 71.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 70.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 68.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 28177 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 22281 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 22201 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 1320374  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 1231227  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 183.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 166.3  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 83.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 53.3 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 43.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 15.2  
Exports (million US$) 2012 524766.4  
Imports (million US$) 2012 316192.9  
Balance (million US$) 2012 208573.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Netherlands (14.5), Areas nes (11.9), China (6.8) See technical notes.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 China (16.4), Germany (12.1), Ukraine (5.7)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.8  
Urban population (%) 2013 74.2  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 15.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 23.1/14.3  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 85.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 74.3/61.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 9.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 79.5 Age group less than 50 years.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 11048.1/7.7  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 190593  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 88.5/89.9  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.6  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 8.7/29.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 13.6  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 124  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 49.4  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 1739352/12.2  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 4732.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 691  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 1.2/8.9  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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