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Map
Russian Federation
Summary statistics
Region Eastern Europe  
Currency Russian Rouble (RUB)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 17098240  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 142836  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 8.4  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Moscow (11621)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 1857770  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1487516  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 764016  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 4.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 4.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 13006.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 10405.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 5311.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 12586.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 10065.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 5160.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 21.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 21.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 18.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 32.20 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 30.48 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 28.78 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 98834  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 71080  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 84602  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 ...  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 325  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 200  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 117 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 112 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 116  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 94  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 116  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 94  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 6.6 Age group 15 to 72 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.5 Age group 15 to 72 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.2 Age group 15 to 72 years. 2006.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Age group 15 to 72 years.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 27.9 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Age group 15 to 72 years. 2009.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 29.8 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Age group 15 to 72 years.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Age group 15 to 72 years.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 9.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Age group 15 to 72 years. 2009.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 10.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Age group 15 to 72 years.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 56.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 56.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 54.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 71.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 70.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 67.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 24932 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 22281 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 22201 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 1202410 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 1231230  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 210.2  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 197.7  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 111.3  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 49.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 43.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 15.2  
Exports (million US$) 2011 516992.6  
Imports (million US$) 2011 306091.5  
Balance (million US$) 2011 210901.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 China (15.7), Germany (12.2), Ukraine (6.5) For more information, refer to the technical notes.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.8  
Urban population (%) 2012 74.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 15.6  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 22.6/13.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 86.0  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.0/63.3  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 10.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 79.5 Age group less than 50 years.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 12270.4/8.7  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 221779 Includes a figure of 178,000 stateless persons which is based on the number of persons who self-identified themselves as stateless in the 2010 census; it is subject to further discussion/verification with the government.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 91.1/92.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.6  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 8.7/29.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 13.6  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 201  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 49.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1573098/11.0  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 4364.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 691  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 1.2/8.9  
Trade Profile
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