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Map
Romania
Summary statistics
Region Eastern Europe  
Currency (new)Leu(RON) Beginning 1 July 2005, 1 new Leu = 10000 old Lei.  
Surface area (square kilometres) 238391  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 21437  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 89.9  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bucharest (1937)  
United Nations membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 189776  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 164436  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 99173  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 2.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -1.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 8853.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 7653.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 4555.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 8738.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 7562.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 4421.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 24.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 24.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 23.7  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 3.34 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 3.20 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 3.11 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -8541  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -7284  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -8621  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 331  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 313  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 232  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 130  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 123  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 91  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 95  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 91  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 95  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 7.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.3  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.2  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 28.7 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 30.3 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 30.1 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 32.1 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 48.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 48.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 48.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 64.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 64.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 62.6  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 7611 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 7498 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 5839 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 23480 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 24645  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 131.1  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 134.5  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 81.5  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 44.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 39.9  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 21.5  
Exports (million US$) 2011 62692.0  
Imports (million US$) 2011 76365.3  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -13673.3  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Germany (18.6), Italy (12.8), France (7.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 Germany (17.1), Italy (11.4), Hungary (8.7)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.2  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.3  
Urban population (%) 2012 52.8  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 15.2  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 23.9/18.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 94.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 78.0/70.6  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 12.2  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 70.3 Age group 15 to 44 years. 2004.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 132.8/0.6  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 2033  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.3  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 96.2/97.3  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.4  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.3/2.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 11.2  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 82  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 29.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 79421/3.7  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1384.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 595  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 5.7/16.5  
Trade Profile
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