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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 238391  
Population (est., 000) 21640  
Pop. density (per sq km) 90.8  
Capital city Bucharest  
Capital city pop. (000) 1872  
Currency Romanian Leu (RON)  
UN membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 192094  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 167998  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 99699  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 3.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -0.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 8852.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 7684.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 4508.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 8632.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 7590.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 4376.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 24.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 26.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 24.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 3.26 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 3.20 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 3.11 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -1780  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -7258  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -8504  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 355 Annual average is the weighted mean of monthly data.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 313 Annual average is the weighted mean of monthly data.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 232 Annual average is the weighted mean of monthly data.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 119 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 81 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 97  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 91  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 95  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 91  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 95  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 7.3  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.3  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.2  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 28.6 2012.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 28.7  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 30.3 ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 29.0 2012.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 30.1  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 32.1 ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 48.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 48.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 48.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 64.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 64.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 62.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 8019 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 7498 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 5839 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 1142 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 1155  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 1173  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 105.6  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 111.4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 60.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 49.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 39.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 21.5 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 65881.4  
Imports (million US$) 2013 73452.2  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -7570.8  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Germany (18.5), Italy (11.5), France (6.8)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Germany (18.6), Italy (11.0), Hungary (8.2)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 <  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.6  
Urban population (%) 2014 54.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 15.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 24.2/18.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 94.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.4/70.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 10.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 69.8 Age group 18 to 49 years. 2005.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 198.8/0.9  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 2716  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 3.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 94.0/95.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 56.0  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 1.7  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 13.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 87  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 28.9  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 22.1  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 84832/3.9  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 68.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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