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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Europe  
Currency Moldovan Leu (MDL)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 33846  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 3514 Includes Transnistria.  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 103.8  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Chisinau (677)  
United Nations membership date 2 March 1992  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 7253  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 5812  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2988  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 -0.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 7.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 2063.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1626.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 793.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 2233.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1762.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 900.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 23.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 22.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 24.6  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 12.06 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 12.15 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 12.83 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -495  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -451  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -226  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 172 Index base 2005=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 153 Index base 2005=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 100 Index base 2005=100. Series replacing former series.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 77  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 93  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 77  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 93  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 5.6  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.3  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 19.3 Excludes the Transnistria region and Bender.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 18.7 Excludes the Transnistria region and Bender.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 16.0 Excludes the Transnistria region and Bender.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 26.4 Excludes the Transnistria region and Bender.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 27.5 Excludes the Transnistria region and Bender.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 40.7 Excludes the Transnistria region and Bender.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 37.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 37.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 46.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 43.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 44.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 50.6  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 11 Excludes the left bank of the river Nistru and the municipality of Bender.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 8 Excludes the left bank of the river Nistru and the municipality of Bender.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 23 Excludes the left bank of the river Nistru and the municipality of Bender.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 18  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 13  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 115.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 88.6  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 28.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 43.4 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 32.3 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 14.6  
Exports (million US$) 2012 2161.9  
Imports (million US$) 2012 5212.9  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -3051.0  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Russian Federation (30.3), Romania (16.5), Italy (9.4)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Russian Federation (15.7), Romania (11.9), Ukraine (11.4)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.8 Includes Transnistria.  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8 Includes Transnistria.  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -2.1 Includes Transnistria.  
Urban population (%) 2013 49.1 Includes Transnistria.  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 16.6 Includes Transnistria.  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 19.6/14.6 Includes Transnistria.  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 90.1 Includes Transnistria.  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 72.8/64.9 Includes Transnistria.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 14.0 Includes Transnistria.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5 Includes Transnistria.  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 67.8 2005.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 391.5/11.2 Includes Transnistria.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 2277  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 8.4  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 80.4/79.7 National estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.0  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 4.1/9.5  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 18.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 30  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 11.9  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 4851/1.4  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 575.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 547 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 5.6/14.3 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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