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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Eastern Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 33846  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 4063 Including Transnistria.  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 123.7 Including Transnistria.  
Capital city 2015 Chisinau  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 725  
Currency 2015 Moldovan Leu (MDL)  
UN membership date 2013 2 March 1992  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 7944  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 5812  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2988  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 4.4  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 7.1  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 7.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 1950.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1422.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 718.8  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 14.9  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 14.1  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 19.1  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 20.5  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 19.5  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 22.2  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 64.7  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 66.4  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 58.7  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 28.8 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Excluding the institutional population. Excluding some areas. 2013. 
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 27.5 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Excluding the institutional population. Excluding some areas. Persons aged 15 to 76 years. 
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 40.6 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 17.7 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Excluding the institutional population. Excluding some areas. 2013. 
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 18.7 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Excluding the institutional population. Excluding some areas. Persons aged 15 to 76 years. 
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 16.0 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 53.5 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Excluding the institutional population. Excluding some areas. 2013. 
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 53.8 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Excluding the institutional population. Excluding some areas. Persons aged 15 to 76 years. 
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 43.3 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 3.9 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.4 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.3 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 38.5/45.0 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 38.6/45.3 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 47.9/50.4 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 189 Index base: 2005=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 152 Index base: 2005=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 99 Index base: 2005=100.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 101 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 93  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 101 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 93  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 94 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2013.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 82 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -676  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -545  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -248  
Exports (million US$) 2015 1966.8  
Imports (million US$) 2015 3986.8  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -2020.0  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Romania (22.7), Russian Federation (12.2), Italy (10.0)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 Romania (13.9), Russian Federation (13.4), Ukraine (9.3)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.1 Including Transnistria.  
Urban population (%) 2015 45.0 Including Transnistria.  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.7 Including Transnistria.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.3 Including Transnistria.  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 75.4/67.2 Including Transnistria.  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 35 Including Transnistria.  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 142.9/3.5 Including Transnistria.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 94 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of tourism accommodation establishments. Excluding the left side of the river Nistru and the municipality of Bender.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 6786  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 11 Including Transnistria.  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 10.3  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 3.0  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 7.5  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 92.9/93.3 Estimate.  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 87.9/86.8 Estimate.  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 46.6/36.1 2013. Estimate.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 3.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 21.8  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 108.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 46.6 Estimate.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 19.0  
Threatened species 2015 29  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 12.2 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 4976/1.2  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 12  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 23.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 3.8  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 96.9/81.4  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 87.8/67.1  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 5.9  
Trade Profile
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