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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Europe  
Currency Moldovan Leu (MDL)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 33846  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 3545 Includes Transnistria.  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 104.7  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Chisinau (677)  
United Nations membership date 2 March 1992  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 7000  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 5812  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2988  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 6.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 7.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 1975.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1627.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 793.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 2152.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1762.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 901.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 23.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 22.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 24.6  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 11.72 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 12.15 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 12.83 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -880  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -568  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -248  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 165  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 153  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 100 Series replacing former series. Index base 2005=100.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 93  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 93  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 6.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.3  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 18.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 18.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 16.0 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 27.5 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 27.5 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 40.6 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 38.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 37.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 46.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 45.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 44.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 51.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 11 Excludes the regions of the left bank of the Dniester river and the municipality of Bender.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 8 Excludes the regions of the left bank of the Dniester river and the municipality of Bender.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 23 Excludes the regions of the left bank of the Dniester river and the municipality of Bender.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 22 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 13  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 138.1  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 121.1  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 53.6  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 38.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 32.3  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 14.6  
Exports (million US$) 2011 2216.8  
Imports (million US$) 2011 5191.3  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -2974.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Russian Federation (28.2), Romania (17.0), Italy (9.7)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 Russian Federation (15.9), Ukraine (12.4), Romania (11.1)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.7 Includes Transnistria.  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -2.1  
Urban population (%) 2012 48.4 Includes Transnistria.  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 16.6  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 19.2/14.2 Includes Transnistria.  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 90.2 Includes Transnistria.  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 73.5/66.2 Includes Transnistria.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 14.3 Includes Transnistria.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5 Includes Transnistria.  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 67.8 2005.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 408.3/11.4  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 2268  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 8.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 90.1/89.0 National estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.7  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 4.0/9.5  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 19.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 30  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 12.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 4543/1.3  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 540.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 547  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 5.6/14.3  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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