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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 33846  
Population (est., 000) 3461 Including Transnistria.  
Pop. density (per sq km) 102.3 Including Transnistria.  
Capital city Chisinau  
Capital city pop. (000) 721  
Currency Moldovan Leu (MDL)  
UN membership date 2 March 1992  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 7970  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 5812  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2988  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 8.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 7.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 2285.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1626.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 793.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 2483.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1762.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 900.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 22.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 22.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 24.6  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 13.06 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 12.15 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 12.83 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -399  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -437  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -226  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 180 Index base 2005=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 152 Index base 2005=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 99 Index base 2005=100. Series replacing former series.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 101  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 93  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 93  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 5.1  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.3  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 19.3 Excluding the Transnistria region and Bender. 2012.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 18.7 Excluding the Transnistria region and Bender. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 16.0 Excluding the Transnistria region and Bender.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 26.4 Excluding the Transnistria region and Bender. 2012.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 27.5 Excluding the Transnistria region and Bender. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 40.7 Excluding the Transnistria region and Bender.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 37.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 37.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 46.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 44.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 44.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 50.6  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 12 Excluding the left side of the river Nistru and the municipality of Bender.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 8 Excluding the left side of the river Nistru and the municipality of Bender.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 23 Excluding the left side of the river Nistru and the municipality of Bender.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 5 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 4  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 106.0 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 71.4 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 28.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 48.8 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 32.3 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 14.6  
Exports (million US$) 2013 2428.3  
Imports (million US$) 2013 5492.4  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -3064.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Russian Federation (26.0), Romania (16.9), Italy (7.6)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Russian Federation (14.3), Romania (13.1), Ukraine (12.0)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.8 Including Transnistria.  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.7 Including Transnistria.  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.8 Including Transnistria.  
Urban population (%) 2014 44.9 Including Transnistria.  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 16.6 Including Transnistria.  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 20.2/15.0 Including Transnistria.  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 90.0 Including Transnistria.  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 72.8/64.9 Including Transnistria.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 14.0 Including Transnistria.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5 Including Transnistria.  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 67.8 2005.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 391.5/11.2 Including Transnistria.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 2370  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 8.4  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 90.5/89.8 National estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 55.5  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 6.5  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 20.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 29  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 12.0  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 3.8  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 97.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 87.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 4980/1.4  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 24.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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