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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 100188  
Population (est., 000) 49512  
Pop. density (per sq km) 497.4  
Capital city Seoul  
Capital city pop. (000) 9775 Refers to Seoul Special City.  
Currency South Korean Won (KRW)  
UN membership date 17 September 1991  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 1304554  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1094499  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 898137  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 3.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 26481.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 22588.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 19095.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 26718.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 22611.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 18946.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 29.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 30.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 30.9  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 1055.40 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1134.80 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1011.60 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 79884  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 28850  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 12655  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 125 Index base 2005=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 116 Index base 2005=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 100 Index base 2005=100. Series replacing former series.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 108 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 72 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 104  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 3.1  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 3.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 3.7  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 17.0 ISIC Rev.3. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 26.8 ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 6.6 ISIC Rev.3. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 7.9 ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 50.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 49.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 50.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 72.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 71.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 73.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 12176 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Including nationals residing abroad and crew members.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 8798 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Including nationals residing abroad and crew members.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 6023 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Including nationals residing abroad and crew members.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 1908 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 1855  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 1776  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 111.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 104.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 81.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 84.8 Population aged 3 and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 83.7 Population aged 3 and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 73.5 Population aged 3 and over.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 559618.6  
Imports (million US$) 2013 515573.0  
Balance (million US$) 2013 44045.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 China (26.1), United States (11.1), Japan (6.2)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 China (16.1), Japan (11.6), United States (8.1)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.1  
Urban population (%) 2014 82.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 14.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 19.9/15.5  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 98.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 84.6/77.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.4  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.3  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 80.0 Age group 15 to 44 years.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 1232.2/2.5 Refers to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 3635  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 4.9  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 98.9/100.1  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 39.8  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 0.9  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 16.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 75  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 63.8  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 2.6  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 98.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 100.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 589426/12.1  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 224.0  
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United Nations Statistics Division
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