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Map
Republic of Korea
Summary statistics
Region Eastern Asia  
Currency South Korean Won (KRW)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 100033  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 48391  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 483.8  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Seoul (9736)  
United Nations membership date 17 September 1991  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 1116247  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1014890  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 844866  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 3.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 23067.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 21063.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 17959.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 23130.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 21090.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 17942.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 27.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 28.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 28.9  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 1151.80 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1134.80 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1011.60 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 26505  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 29394  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 18607  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 121 Index base 2005=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 116 Index base 2005=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 100 Index base 2005=100. Series replacing former series.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 149  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 139  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 101  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 3.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 3.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 3.7  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 17.0 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 26.8 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 6.6 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 7.9 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 49.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 49.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 50.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 71.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 71.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 73.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 9795 Includes nationals residing abroad and crew members. Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 8798 Includes nationals residing abroad and crew members. Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 6023 Includes nationals residing abroad and crew members. Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 15454 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 14848  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 169.4  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 164.6  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 132.3  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 83.8  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 83.7  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 73.5  
Exports (million US$) 2011 555208.9  
Imports (million US$) 2011 524405.2  
Balance (million US$) 2011 30803.7  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 China (24.2), United States (10.2), Japan (7.1)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 China (16.5), Japan (13.0), United States (8.5)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -1.3  
Urban population (%) 2012 83.5  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 15.6  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 18.9/14.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 99.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 84.0/77.3  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 80.0 Age group 15 to 44 years.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 534.8/1.1  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 1749  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 100.2/101.4  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 39.4  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 2.3/2.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 15.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 69  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 63.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 508959/10.6  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 3466.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1344  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 8.2/16.9  
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United Nations Statistics Division
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