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Countries and areas

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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Eastern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 100266  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 50504  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 519.4  
Capital city 2015 Seoul  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 9774 Refers to Seoul Special City.  
Currency 2015 South Korean Won (KRW)  
UN membership date 2013 17 September 1991  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 1410383  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1094499  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 898137  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 3.3  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 6.5  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 3.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 28165.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 22295.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 18866.1  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 2.3 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 2.5 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 3.2 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 38.2 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 38.3 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 37.5 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 59.4 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 59.3 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 59.4 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 6.1 Break in the time series. 2013.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 6.6 Break in the time series. Excluding overseas territories.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 7.9 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 24.4 Break in the time series. 2013.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 24.9 Break in the time series. Excluding overseas territories.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 26.8 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 69.5 Break in the time series. 2013.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 68.5 Break in the time series. Excluding overseas territories.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 65.2 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 3.5 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 3.7 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 3.7 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 50.0/71.8 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 49.3/71.7 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 49.5/72.6 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 127 Index base: 2005=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 116 Index base: 2005=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 100 Index base: 2005=100.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 104 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 104 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 151 Excluding water and waste management.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 139 Excluding water and waste management.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100 Excluding water and waste management.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 84373  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 28850  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 12655  
Exports (million US$) 2015 573074.8 2014.  
Imports (million US$) 2015 525557.0 2014.  
Balance (million US$) 2015 47517.8 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 China (25.4), United States (12.3), Japan (5.6) 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 China (17.1), Japan (10.2), United States (8.7) 2014.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5  
Urban population (%) 2015 82.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 84.6/78.0  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 37  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 1327.3/2.6 Refers to foreign citizens.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 14202 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. Including nationals residing abroad and crew members.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 6615  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 7.4  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 2.1 2012.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 4.6 2012.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 98.6/99.5 2013.  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 97.2/98.3 2013.  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 81.3/107.8 2013.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 0.7  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 16.3  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 115.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 84.3 Population age 3+.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 3254.0  
Threatened species 2015 76  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 63.6 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 592499/11.9  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 1799  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 221.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 2.6  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 99.7/...  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 100.0/100.0  
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) 2014 0.1 Development Assistance Committee member (OECD).  
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