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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Southern Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 92225  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 10304  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 112.5  
Capital city 2015 Lisbon  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 2884 Refers to Grande Lisboa, the Peninsula of Setúbal, and the municipality Azambuja.  
Currency 2015 Euro (EUR)  
UN membership date 2013 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 230117  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 238303  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 197300  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 0.9  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 1.9  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 0.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 22121.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 22513.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 18826.2  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 2.3 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 2.2 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 2.7 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 21.6 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 22.6 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 24.6 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 76.1 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 75.2 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 72.7 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 5.5  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 7.1  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 8.0 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 24.9  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 28.8  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 32.1 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 69.5  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 64.0  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 60.0 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 13.9 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 10.8 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.6 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 53.7/64.4 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 55.8/66.8 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 55.4/69.3 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 135 Excluding `Rent´.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 127 Excluding `Rent´.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 117 Excluding `Rent´.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 104 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 104 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 105  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 88  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 92  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 1209  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -24199  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -19537  
Exports (million US$) 2015 55241.1  
Imports (million US$) 2015 66657.7  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -11416.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Spain (25.0), France (12.1), Germany (11.8)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 Spain (27.2), Germany (11.7), France (6.6)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.5  
Urban population (%) 2015 63.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 83.5/77.4  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 54  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 837.3/8.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 9092 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of tourism accommodation establishments.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 1354 Refugee population relates to the end of 2014.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 9.5  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 4.1 2012.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 5.1 2011.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 106.1/110.8  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 115.0/117.8  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 70.4/60.9  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 0.9  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 34.8  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 111.8 Excludes data-only subscriptions.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 64.6 Population age 16-74.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 80.0  
Threatened species 2015 256  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 35.0 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 46263/4.4  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 241 Data includes the Azores and Madeira.  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 86.0 Data includes the Azores and Madeira.  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 1.9  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 100.0/100.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 99.6/99.8  
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) 2014 0.2 Development Assistance Committee member (OECD).  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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