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Map
Portugal
Summary statistics
Region Southern Europe  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 92212  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 10690  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 115.9  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Lisbon (2843)  
United Nations membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 237586  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 228688  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 191848  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 -1.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 1.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 0.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 22226.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 21422.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 18196.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 21405.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 20712.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 17926.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 18.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 23.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 0.77 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -15539  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -22813  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -19821  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 132 Excludes rent.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 127 Excludes rent.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 117 Excludes rent.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 90  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 92  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 12.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 10.8  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.6  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ... European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 27.7 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 30.6 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ... European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 10.9 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 11.8 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 56.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 56.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 55.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 68.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 68.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 69.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 7264 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 6756 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 5769 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 1684 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 599  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 157.3  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 156.3  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 148.7  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 55.3  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 51.1  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 35.0  
Exports (million US$) 2011 58932.2  
Imports (million US$) 2011 80324.5  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -21392.3  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Spain (24.8), Germany (13.5), France (12.0)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 Spain (31.6), Germany (12.3), France (6.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -1.4  
Urban population (%) 2012 61.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 14.9  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 26.8/21.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 94.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.8/76.8  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.2  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.3  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 86.8 2005-2006.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 918.6/8.6  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 653  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 110.2/110.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 53.3  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.0/2.5  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 28.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 247  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 38.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 57353/5.4  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1827.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 751  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 12.8/20.8  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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