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Summary statistics
Region Southern Europe  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 92212  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 10604  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 115.0  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Lisbon (2843)  
United Nations membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 212139  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 228939  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 191848  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 -3.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 1.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 0.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 20006.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 21618.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 18252.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 19518.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 20877.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 17981.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 16.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 23.1  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 0.76 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -4359  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -24215  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -19821  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 135 Excludes rent.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 127 Excludes rent.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 117 Excludes rent.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 86  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 92  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 99  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 15.7 Age group 15 to 74 years. 2011: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 10.8 Age group 15 to 74 years. 2011: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.6 Age group 15 to 74 years. 2011: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 25.6 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 27.7 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 30.6 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 10.5 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 10.9 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 11.8 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 55.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 56.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 55.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 67.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 67.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 69.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 7503 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 6756 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 5769 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ... Includes the Azores and Madeira.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 2532 Includes the Azores and Madeira.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 599 Includes the Azores and Madeira.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 115.1 Includes machine to machine (M2M) subscriptions.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 114.4 Includes machine to machine (M2M) subscriptions.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 108.6  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 64.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 53.3 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 35.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 58379.0  
Imports (million US$) 2012 72292.6  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -13913.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Spain (22.5), Germany (12.3), France (11.8)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Spain (27.2), Germany (10.7), France (6.0)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 <  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -1.4  
Urban population (%) 2013 62.1  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 14.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 27.3/22.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 94.0  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.8/76.8  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 2.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.3  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 86.8 2005-2006.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 893.9/8.4  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 1276 Refugee population refers to the end of 2012.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 110.8/111.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 53.3  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.0/2.5  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 31.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 249  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 37.8  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 52318/4.9  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 1774.0 Includes the Azores and Madeira.  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 751 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 12.8/20.8 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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