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Summary statistics
Region Southern Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 92212  
Population (est., 000) 10610  
Pop. density (per sq km) 115.4  
Capital city Lisbon  
Capital city pop. (000) 2869 Refers to Grande Lisboa, the Peninsula of Setúbal, and the municipality Azambuja.  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
UN membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 227324  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 238303  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 197300  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 -1.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 1.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 0.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 21429.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 22503.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 18770.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 20958.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 21722.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 18481.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 15.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 20.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 23.2  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 0.73 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 1160  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -24215  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -19821  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 136 Excluding rent. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 127 Excluding rent.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 117 Excluding rent.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 94 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 109 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 104  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 105  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 16.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 10.8  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.6  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 25.6 2012. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 27.7  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 30.6 ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 10.5 2012. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 10.9  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 11.8 ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 54.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 56.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 55.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 66.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 67.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 69.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 8097 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 6756 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 5769 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 192 Including the Azores and Madeira. 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 233 Including the Azores and Madeira.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 151 Including the Azores and Madeira.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 113.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 115.3 Including machine to machine (M2M) subscriptions.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 108.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 62.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 53.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 35.0  
Exports (million US$) 2013 62745.8  
Imports (million US$) 2013 75572.1  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -12826.3  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Spain (23.6), Germany (11.6), France (11.6)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Spain (26.9), Germany (10.4), France (6.2)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 <  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -1.5  
Urban population (%) 2014 62.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 14.6  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 27.6/22.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 94.0  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.8/76.8  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 2.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.3  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 86.8 2005-2006.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 893.9/8.4  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 1434 Refugee population refers to the end of 2013.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 5.3  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 109.2/109.8  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 53.5  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 1.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 31.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 254  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 37.8  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 1.9  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 100.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 100.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 49725/4.7  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 84.0 Including the Azores and Madeira.  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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