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Map
Poland
Summary statistics
Region Eastern Europe  
Currency Zloty (PLN)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 311888  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 38299  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 122.8  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Warsaw (1723)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 514115  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 469799  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 303912  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 4.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 13424.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 12274.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 7963.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 13021.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 11860.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 7807.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 20.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 18.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 3.42 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 2.96 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 3.26 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -22204  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -21873  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -7242  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 137  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 131  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 115  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 144  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 134  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 102  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 9.6  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 9.6  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 17.7  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 30.2 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 29.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Excludes conscripts and regular military living in barracks.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 12.8 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 17.4 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Excludes conscripts and regular military living in barracks.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 48.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 48.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 47.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 64.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 64.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 62.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 13350  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 12470  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 15200  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 61943 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 74494  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 146.5  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 142.7  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 107.4  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 64.9  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 62.3  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 38.8  
Exports (million US$) 2011 188105.1  
Imports (million US$) 2011 209191.5  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -21086.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Germany (26.0), United Kingdom (6.5), Czech Republic (6.2)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 Germany (22.2), Russian Federation (12.2), China (8.7)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 <  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -<  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2  
Urban population (%) 2012 60.8  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 14.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 23.5/17.1  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 93.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.6/72.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 5.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 72.7 Age group 20 to 49 years. 1991.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 827.5/2.2  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 19496  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 97.2/98.2  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 59.2  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.8/2.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 23.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 53  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 30.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 298660/7.8  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2319.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 520  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 4.0/12.3  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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