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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 311888  
Population (est., 000) 38221  
Pop. density (per sq km) 118.2  
Capital city Warsaw  
Capital city pop. (000) 1718  
Currency Zloty (PLN)  
UN membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 525863  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 476688  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 304412  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 1.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 13760.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 12479.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 7967.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 13258.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 12012.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 7920.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 18.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 18.7  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 3.01 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 2.96 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 3.26 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -7105  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -24030  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -7242  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 143  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 131  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 115  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 111 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 74 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 106  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 101  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 106  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 10.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 9.6  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 17.7  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 30.4 2012. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 30.2  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 29.2 ISIC Rev.3. Excluding conscripts and regular military living in barracks.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 12.6 2012. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 12.8  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 17.4 ISIC Rev.3. Excluding conscripts and regular military living in barracks.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 48.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 48.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 47.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 64.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 64.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 62.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 15800  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 12470  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 15200  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 2990 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 2815  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 3293  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 150.0 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 122.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 76.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 62.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 62.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 38.8  
Exports (million US$) 2013 203847.9  
Imports (million US$) 2013 205613.8  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -1765.9  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Germany (25.0), United Kingdom (6.5), Czech Republic (6.1)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Germany (21.5), Russian Federation (12.3), China (9.4)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 <  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2  
Urban population (%) 2014 60.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 15.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 24.8/18.5  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 93.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.5/72.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 5.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 72.7 Age group 20 to 49 years. 1991.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 663.8/1.7  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 30151 Refugee population refers to the end of 2013.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 4.9  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 98.9/99.6  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 59.9  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 1.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 24.1  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 53  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 30.7  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 29.3  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 317287/8.3  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 108.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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