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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Europe  
Currency Zloty (PLN)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 311888  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 38211  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 122.5  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Warsaw (1723)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 489852  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 469799  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 303912  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 1.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 12819.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 12298.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 7954.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 12281.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 11828.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 7798.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 19.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 18.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 3.10 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 2.96 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 3.26 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -18263  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -24030  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -7242  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 142  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 131  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 115  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 145  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 134  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 107  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 101  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 107  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 10.1 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 9.6 Age group 15 to 74 years. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 17.8 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 30.4 Break in series; data not strictly comparable. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 30.2 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 29.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Excludes conscripts and regular military living in barracks.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 12.6 Break in series; data not strictly comparable. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 12.8 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 17.4 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Excludes conscripts and regular military living in barracks.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 48.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 48.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 47.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 64.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 64.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 62.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 14840  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 12470  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 15200  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 61046  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 74494  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 132.7 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 122.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 76.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 65.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 62.3 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 38.8 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 179603.6  
Imports (million US$) 2012 191430.1  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -11826.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Germany (24.9), United Kingdom (6.8), Czech Republic (6.2)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Germany (20.9), Russian Federation (14.6), China (9.0)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 <  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -<  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2  
Urban population (%) 2013 60.7  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 15.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 24.1/17.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 93.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.5/72.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 5.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 72.7 Age group 20 to 49 years. 1991.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 663.8/1.7  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 30273 Refugee population refers to the end of 2012.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.2  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 97.7/98.6  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 59.9  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.8/2.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 24.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 54  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 30.8  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 316995/8.3  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 2445.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 520 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 4.0/12.3 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Trade Profile
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