Find UNdata on Facebook Follow UNdata on Twitter Please send us your feedback

Countries and areas

Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Virgin Islands Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cabo Verde Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China China, Hong Kong SAR China, Macao SAR Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Faeroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova Réunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka State of Palestine Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Republic of Tanzania United States of America United States Virgin Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
Summary statistics
Region South America  
Currency Nuevo Sol (PEN)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 1285216  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 29988  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 23.3  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Lima (9130)  
United Nations membership date 31 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 204681  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 157438  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 79389  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 6.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 8.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 6825.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 5380.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2863.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 6229.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 4874.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 2704.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 27.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 26.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 18.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 2.55 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 2.81 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 3.43 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -6842  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -3782  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 1148  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 135 Lima. Metropolitan areas.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 126 Lima. Metropolitan areas. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 110 Lima. Metropolitan areas.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 139 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 131 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 140  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 128  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 141  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 130  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 6.8 Age group 14 years and over. Main city or metropolitan area.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.9 Age group 14 years and over. Main city or metropolitan area.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 9.6 Age group 14 years and over. Main city or metropolitan area.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 17.4 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. 2011.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 17.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 14.6 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Third quarter.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 25.8 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. 2011.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 25.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 32.9 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Third quarter.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 68.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 67.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 57.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 84.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 84.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 79.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 2846 Includes nationals residing abroad. Preliminary data.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2299 Includes nationals residing abroad. Preliminary data.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1571 Includes nationals residing abroad. Preliminary data.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 17214  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 8787  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 98.8 Preliminary.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 101.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 20.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 38.2 Age group 6 years and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 34.8 Age group 6 years and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 17.1  
Exports (million US$) 2012 45946.2  
Imports (million US$) 2012 42274.3  
Balance (million US$) 2012 3671.9  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 China (17.1), United States (14.2), Switzerland (11.0)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 United States (19.0), China (18.5), Brazil (6.1)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.4  
Urban population (%) 2013 77.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 28.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 10.0/8.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 100.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.4/72.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 16.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 74.4  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 104.9/0.4  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 1801  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 97.9/99.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 51.6  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.3/4.4  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 22.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 636  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 53.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 57532/2.0  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 652.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 13  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 16.7/22.1  
Trade Profile
Copyright © 2014 - Conditions of Use
United Nations Statistics Division
Version v0.14.6 Beta