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Summary statistics
Region 2015 South America  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 1285216  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 31774  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 24.8  
Capital city 2015 Lima  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 9897 Refers to Gran Lima.  
Currency 2015 Sol (PEN)  
UN membership date 2013 31 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 201809  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 147070  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 76080  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 2.4  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 8.5  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 6.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 6515.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 5006.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2755.5  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 7.3 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 7.5 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 7.5 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 35.7 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 39.2 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 37.7 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 57.0 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 53.2 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 54.7 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Urban areas. Persons aged 14 years and over.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Urban areas. Persons aged 14 years and over.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 10.8 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Urban areas. Persons aged 14 years and over.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 22.9 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Persons aged 14 years and over. Main city or metropolitan area.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 23.9 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Persons aged 14 years and over. Break in the time series. Main city or metropolitan area.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 18.6 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Persons aged 14 years and over. Urban areas.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 75.9 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Persons aged 14 years and over. Main city or metropolitan area.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 74.7 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Persons aged 14 years and over. Break in the time series. Main city or metropolitan area.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 70.6 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Persons aged 14 years and over. Urban areas.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 3.3 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 4.0 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 5.2 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 65.5/82.5 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 65.6/84.3 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 57.5/78.9 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 144 Metropolitan areas. Lima.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 126 Metropolitan areas. Lima. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 110 Metropolitan areas. Lima.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 144 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 128  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 147 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 130  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 142 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2013.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 131 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -8031  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -3782  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 1148  
Exports (million US$) 2015 33244.9  
Imports (million US$) 2015 38104.6  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -4859.7  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 China (22.1), United States (15.1), Switzerland (8.1)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 China (22.7), United States (20.6), Brazil (5.1)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Urban population (%) 2015 78.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 76.8/71.5  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 53  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 90.9/0.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 3215 Including nationals residing abroad. Provisional data. Including tourists with identity document other than a passport.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 1773  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 19  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 5.5 Data revision.  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 1.1 2012.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 3.7  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 101.4/101.4  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 95.5/95.7  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 6.7  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 22.3  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 102.9 Excludes data-only subscriptions.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 40.2 Population age 6+.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 3.0  
Threatened species 2015 643  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 58.1 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 57154/1.9  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 982  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 28.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 19.4  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 91.5/69.3  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 82.5/53.2  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 0.2  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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