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Summary statistics
Region South America  
Surface area (sq km) 1285216  
Population (est., 000) 30769  
Pop. density (per sq km) 23.9  
Capital city Lima  
Capital city pop. (000) 9722 Refers to Gran Lima.  
Currency Nuevo Sol (PEN)  
UN membership date 31 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 200269  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 147070  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 76080  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 5.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 8.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 6593.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 5025.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2744.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 6362.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 4655.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 2580.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 25.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 23.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 17.1  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 2.80 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 2.81 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 3.43 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -9126  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -3782  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 1148  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 139 Lima. Metropolitan areas.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 126 Lima. Metropolitan areas. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 110 Lima. Metropolitan areas.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 113 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 ... ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 144  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 128  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 147  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 130  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 3.9  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 4.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 5.2  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 17.4 ISIC Rev.2. 2011.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 17.7 ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 14.6 ISIC Rev.2. Third quarter.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 25.8 ISIC Rev.2. 2011.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 25.7 ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 32.9 ISIC Rev.2. Third quarter.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 68.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 67.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 57.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 84.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 84.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 79.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 3164 Estimated series including tourists with identity document other than a passport. Including nationals residing abroad. Preliminary.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2299 Estimated series including tourists with identity document other than a passport. Including nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1571 Estimated series including tourists with identity document other than a passport. Including nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 977 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 810  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 455  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 98.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 99.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 20.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 39.2 Population aged 6 and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 34.8 Population aged 6 and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 17.1 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 41871.7  
Imports (million US$) 2013 43357.3  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -1485.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 United States (17.8), China (17.5), Switzerland (7.2)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 United States (20.3), China (19.4), Brazil (5.4)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.3  
Urban population (%) 2014 78.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 28.4  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 10.2/8.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 100.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.4/72.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 16.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 75.5  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 104.9/0.4  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 1787  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 3.3  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 97.4/98.9  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 51.6  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 9.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 22.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 642  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 52.9  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 19.4  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 87.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 73.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 53069/1.8  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 30.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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