Find UNdata on Facebook Follow UNdata on Twitter Please send us your feedback

Countries and areas

Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Virgin Islands Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China China, Hong Kong SAR China, Macao SAR Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Faeroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova Réunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka State of Palestine Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Republic of Tanzania United States of America United States Virgin Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
Map
Peru
Summary statistics
Region South America  
Currency Nuevo Sol (PEN)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 1285216  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 29400  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 22.9  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Lima (9130)  
United Nations membership date 31 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 180464  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 157324  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 79389  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 6.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 8.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 6138.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 5411.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2881.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 5650.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 5064.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 2690.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 26.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 26.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 18.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 2.70 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 2.81 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 3.43 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -3341  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -3782  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 1148  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 131 Lima.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 126 Lima.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 110 Lima.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 136 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 131 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 133  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 127  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 134  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 129  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 7.8 Lima. Age group 14 years and over.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.9 Lima. Age group 14 years and over.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 9.6 Lima. Age group 14 years and over.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 23.7 Age group 14 years and over. Metropolitan Lima. Average of quarterly estimates.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 23.9 Age group 14 years and over. Metropolitan Lima. Average of quarterly estimates.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 23.8 Age group 14 years and over. Metropolitan Lima. Third quarter. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 1.3 Age group 14 years and over. Metropolitan Lima. Average of quarterly estimates.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 1.4 Age group 14 years and over. Metropolitan Lima. Average of quarterly estimates.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 0.7 Age group 14 years and over. Metropolitan Lima. Third quarter. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 67.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 67.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 57.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 84.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 84.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 79.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 2598 Includes nationals residing abroad. Preliminary data.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2299 Includes nationals residing abroad. Preliminary data.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1571 Includes nationals residing abroad. Preliminary data.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 13274 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 8787  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 121.5  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 111.0  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 29.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 36.5  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 34.8  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 17.1  
Exports (million US$) 2011 45636.1  
Imports (million US$) 2011 37747.1  
Balance (million US$) 2011 7889.0  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 China (15.3), United States (13.3), Switzerland (12.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 United States (19.7), China (16.7), Brazil (6.4)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.4  
Urban population (%) 2012 77.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 29.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 9.8/8.5  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 76.9/71.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 18.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 73.2  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 37.6/0.1  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 1638  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 98.6/99.7  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 51.6  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.3/4.4  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 21.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 493  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 53.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 47317/1.7  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 524.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 13  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 16.7/22.1  
Trade Profile
Copyright © 2014 - Conditions of Use
United Nations Statistics Division
Version v0.14.6 Beta