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Map
Paraguay
Summary statistics
Region South America  
Currency Guarani (PYG)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 406752  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 6568  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 16.2  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Asunción (2139)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 22890  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 18331  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 7473  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 3.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 15.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 3485.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 2840.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1267.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 3428.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 2783.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 1257.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 18.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 17.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 19.4  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 4439.90 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 4573.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 6120.00 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -270  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -654  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 16  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 229 Asunción.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 212 Asunción.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 150 Asunción.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 148  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 139  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 153  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 144  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 ... Age group 10 years and over. Urban areas, Asunción and Central Urbano.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.2 Age group 10 years and over. Urban areas, Asunción and Central Urbano.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 ... Age group 10 years and over. Urban areas, Asunción and Central Urbano.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 17.1 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. Excludes the departments of Boquerón and Alto Paraguay.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 18.8 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 15.7 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. October to December.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 26.4 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. Excludes the departments of Boquerón and Alto Paraguay.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 26.8 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 32.4 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. October to December.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 57.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 57.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 54.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 86.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 86.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 85.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 524 Excludes nationals residing abroad and crew members.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 465 Excludes nationals residing abroad and crew members.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 341 Excludes nationals residing abroad and crew members.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 4739 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 4403  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 105.0  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 97.3  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 37.4  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 23.9  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 19.8  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 7.9  
Exports (million US$) 2011 5517.4  
Imports (million US$) 2011 12315.6  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -6798.2  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Uruguay (19.2), Argentina (17.6), Brazil (14.2)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 China (29.6), Brazil (26.3), Argentina (14.1)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3  
Urban population (%) 2012 62.5  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 32.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 8.3/7.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 101.7  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 74.9/70.8  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 27.4  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.9  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 79.4 Age group 15 to 44 years.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 161.3/2.5  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 133  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 82.8/83.3  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 57.8  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.6/22.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 12.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 50  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 44.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 4514/0.7  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 358.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1401  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 18.2/28.4  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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