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Summary statistics
Region 2015 South America  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 406752  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 6725  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 16.9  
Capital city 2015 Asunción  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 2356 Refers to the metropolitan area of Asunción.  
Currency 2015 Guarani (PYG)  
UN membership date 2013 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 30985  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 20048  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 8735  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 4.4  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 13.1  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 2.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 4728.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3228.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1507.2  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 20.9  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 22.5  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 19.6  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 28.8  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 30.1  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 34.8  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 50.3  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 47.4  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 45.7  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 22.8 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Excluding the institutional population. Excluding some areas.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 26.8 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Excluding the institutional population. Excluding some areas. 
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 32.4 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 18.9 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Excluding the institutional population. Excluding some areas.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 18.8 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Excluding the institutional population. Excluding some areas. 
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 15.7 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 58.2 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Excluding the institutional population. Excluding some areas.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 54.3 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Excluding the institutional population. Excluding some areas. 
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 51.9 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 6.0 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 5.7 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 5.8 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 58.0/84.5 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 54.6/84.6 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 54.3/85.7 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 256 Asunción.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 212 Asunción.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 150 Asunción.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 157 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 137  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 163 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 142  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 125 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 110 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -117  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -57  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -68  
Exports (million US$) 2015 8361.2  
Imports (million US$) 2015 10291.2  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -1930.0  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Brazil (31.6), Russian Federation (9.1), Argentina (8.1)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 Brazil (25.0), China (23.5), Argentina (14.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Urban population (%) 2015 59.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 74.9/70.7  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 57  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 156.5/2.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 649 E/D cards in the Silvio Petirossi airport and passenger counts at the national border crossings. Excluding nationals residing abroad and crew members.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 200  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 29  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 9.8 A study of Health Accounts is in the process (2012-2013).  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 1.2 2012.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 5.0 2012.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 104.3/107.6 2012.  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 79.1/74.2 2012.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 8.8  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 15.0  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 105.6  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 43.0 Population age 10+. Users in the last 3 months.  
Threatened species 2015 58  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 40.2 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 4972/0.8  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 335  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 35.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 6.5  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 100.0/95.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 95.5/78.4  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 0.2  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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