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Summary statistics
Region South America  
Surface area (sq km) 406752  
Population (est., 000) 6918  
Pop. density (per sq km) 17.0  
Capital city Asunción  
Capital city pop. (000) 2307 Refers to the metropolitan area of Asunción.  
Currency Guaraní (PYG)  
UN membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 29208  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 20048  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 8735  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 13.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 13.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 4293.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3103.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1479.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 4065.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 2895.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 1250.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 15.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 15.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 16.6  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 4524.00 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 4573.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 6120.00 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 621  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -57  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -68  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 244 Asunción.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 212 Asunción.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 150 Asunción.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 113 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 91 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 157  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 137  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 163  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 142  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 5.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 5.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 5.8  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 16.1 Population aged 10 and over. ISIC Rev.2. 2012. Excluding the departments of Boquerón and Alto Paraguay. Break in series. 
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 18.8 Population aged 10 and over. ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 15.7 Population aged 10 and over. ISIC Rev.2. October to December.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 27.2 Population aged 10 and over. ISIC Rev.2. 2012. Excluding the departments of Boquerón and Alto Paraguay. Break in series. 
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 26.8 Population aged 10 and over. ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 32.4 Population aged 10 and over. ISIC Rev.2. October to December.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 55.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 54.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 54.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 84.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 84.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 85.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 610 Excluding nationals residing abroad and crew members.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 465 Excluding nationals residing abroad and crew members.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 341 Excluding nationals residing abroad and crew members.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 341 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 325  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 288  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 103.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 91.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 32.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 36.9 Population aged 10 and over using the Internet in the last 3 months.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 19.8 Population aged 10 and over using the Internet in the last 3 months.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 7.9 Population aged 10 and over using the Internet in the last 3 months.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 9432.3  
Imports (million US$) 2013 12142.0  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -2709.7  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Brazil (30.0), Russian Federation (10.0), Argentina (7.6)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 China (28.3), Brazil (26.4), Argentina (14.2)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1  
Urban population (%) 2014 59.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 32.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 8.7/8.1  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 101.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 74.5/70.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 30.4  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.9  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 79.4 Age group 15 to 44 years.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 185.8/2.7  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 137  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 5.0  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 82.4/82.6  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 57.8  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 9.7  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 15.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 58  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 43.4  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 6.5  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 94.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 80.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 5299/0.8  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 36.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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