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Summary statistics
Region South America  
Currency Guaraní (PYG)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 406752  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 6687  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 16.4  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Asunción (2139)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 25935  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 20048  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 8735  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 -1.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 13.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 3878.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3103.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1479.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 3798.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 3041.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 1468.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 16.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 15.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 16.6  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 4288.80 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 4573.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 6120.00 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 116  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -66  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -68  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 237 Asunción.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 212 Asunción.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 150 Asunción.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 144  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 137  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 149  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 142  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 8.1 Age group 10 years and over. Urban areas only.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.3 Age group 10 years and over. Urban areas only.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 ... Age group 10 years and over. Urban areas only.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 16.1 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Excludes the departments of Boquerón and Alto Paraguay.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 18.8 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 15.7 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. October to December.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 27.2 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Excludes the departments of Boquerón and Alto Paraguay.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 26.8 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 32.4 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. October to December.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 55.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 54.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 54.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 84.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 84.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 85.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 579 Excludes nationals residing abroad and crew members.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 465 Excludes nationals residing abroad and crew members.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 341 Excludes nationals residing abroad and crew members.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 4668  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 4403  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 101.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 91.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 32.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 27.1 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 19.8 Age group 10 years and over using the Internet within the last 3 months.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 7.9 Age group 10 years and over using the Internet within the last 3 months.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 7271.3  
Imports (million US$) 2012 11555.1  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -4283.8  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Brazil (39.2), Russian Federation (9.7), Argentina (8.3)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 China (27.6), Brazil (23.5), Argentina (16.4)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3  
Urban population (%) 2013 63.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 32.4  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 8.5/7.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 101.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 74.5/70.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 30.4  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.9  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 79.4 Age group 15 to 44 years.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 185.8/2.7  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 143  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 82.7/83.1  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 57.8  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.6/22.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 15.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 58  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 43.8  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 5071/0.8  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 392.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1401 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 18.2/28.4 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Trade Profile
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