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Summary statistics
Region Oceania-Melanesia  
Currency Kina (PGK)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 462840  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 7167  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 15.5  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Port Moresby (343)  
United Nations membership date 10 October 1975  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 15677  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 9707  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 4866  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 9.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 2187.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1415.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 798.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 2013.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1291.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 710.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 22.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 21.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 16.5  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 2.10 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 2.64 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 3.10 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -633  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 539  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 ...  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 189  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 146  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 117  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 112  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 117  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 112  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 70.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 70.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 71.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 74.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 74.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 74.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 165 2011.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 146  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 69  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 683  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 2805  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 37.8 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 27.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 1.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 2.3 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 1.3 Age group 10 years and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 1.7  
Exports (million US$) 2012 4517.7  
Imports (million US$) 2012 8340.7  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -3823.0  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Australia (35.9), Japan (11.7), Germany (7.0)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Australia (34.4), Singapore (14.3), China (6.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Urban population (%) 2013 12.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 38.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 5.5/4.3  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 104.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 64.5/60.3  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 47.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.8  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 35.7  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 25.4/0.4 Data refer to foreign citizens. Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 9787  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 45.1/53.9 1998.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 35.2 UNESCO estimate. 1999.  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.8/22.0 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 2.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 468  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 63.1  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 3133/0.4  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 173.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 899 Based on monthly averages for the period 1973-2007.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.3/31.3 Based on monthly averages for the period 1973-2007.  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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