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Countries and areas

Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Virgin Islands Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cabo Verde Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Channel Islands Chile China China, Hong Kong SAR China, Macao SAR Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Faeroe Islands Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova Réunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Helena Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka State of Palestine Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Republic of Tanzania United States of America United States Virgin Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
Summary statistics
Region 2015 Oceania-Melanesia  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 462840  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 7776  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 17.2  
Capital city 2015 Port Moresby  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 345  
Currency 2015 Kina (PGK)  
UN membership date 2013 10 October 1975  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 16576  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 9707  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 4866  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 8.4  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 7.6  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 3.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 2220.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1417.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 799.5  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 25.6  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 31.5  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 34.0  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 49.1  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 45.1  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 44.3  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 25.4  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 23.4  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 21.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 3.3 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 3.6 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 3.4 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 69.6/71.0 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 70.5/72.9 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 71.3/74.4 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 217 2013.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 189  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 146  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 118 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 112  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 118 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 112  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 1932  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -914  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 539  
Exports (million US$) 2015 4517.7 2012.  
Imports (million US$) 2015 8340.7 2012.  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -3823.0 2012.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Australia (35.9), Japan (11.7), Germany (7.0) 2012.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 Australia (34.4), Singapore (14.3), China (6.9) 2012.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Urban population (%) 2015 13.0  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.8  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 64.5/60.3  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 67  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 25.8/0.3 Including refugees. Refers to foreign citizens.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 182  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 9910  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 48  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 4.3  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 109.3/119.8 2012.  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 34.6/45.8 2012.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 2.7  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 44.9 Estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 9.4 Estimate.  
Threatened species 2015 478  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 74.1 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 6073/0.8  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 99  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 20.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 0.7  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 88.0/32.8  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 56.4/13.3  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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