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Summary statistics
Region Oceania-Melanesia  
Surface area (sq km) 462840  
Population (est., 000) 7476  
Pop. density (per sq km) 16.2  
Capital city Port Moresby  
Capital city pop. (000) 338  
Currency Kina (PGK)  
UN membership date 10 October 1975  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 15420  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 9707  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 4866  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 5.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 2106.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1415.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 798.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 1913.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1291.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 710.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 21.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 21.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 16.5  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 2.42 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 2.64 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 3.10 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -2300 2012.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -633  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 539  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 ...  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 189  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 146  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 118  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 112  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 118  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 112  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 2.1  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 2.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 2.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 70.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 70.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 71.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 74.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 74.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 74.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 174  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 140  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 69  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 66 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 80  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 170  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 41.0 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 27.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 1.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 6.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 1.3 Population aged 10 and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 1.7  
Exports (million US$) 2013 4517.7 2012.  
Imports (million US$) 2013 8340.7 2012.  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -3823.0 2012.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Australia (35.9), Japan (11.7), Germany (7.0) 2012.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Australia (34.4), Singapore (14.3), China (6.9) 2012.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Urban population (%) 2014 13.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 37.6  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 5.6/4.3  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 104.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 64.5/60.3  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 47.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.8  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 32.4  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 25.4/0.4 Refers to foreign citizens. Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 9782 Refers to the end of 2013.  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 76.7/87.7  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 35.2 UNESCO estimate. 1999.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 2.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 471  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 62.8  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 0.7  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 40.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 19.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 5229/0.7  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 19.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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