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Summary statistics
Region Central America  
Surface area (sq km) 75320  
Population (est., 000) 3926  
Pop. density (per sq km) 52.0  
Capital city Panama City  
Capital city pop. (000) 1638 Refers to the metropolitan area of Panama City.  
Currency Balboa (PAB)  
UN membership date 13 November 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 40467  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 27053  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 15465  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 8.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 7.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 10472.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 7355.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 4594.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 10266.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 6749.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 4167.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 29.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 24.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 16.8  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -4920  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -3076  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1022  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 148 Urban areas. Index base 2003=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 127 Urban areas. Index base 2003=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 103 Urban areas. Index base 2003=100.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 116  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 107  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 117  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 107  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 4.1  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 6.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 9.8  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 18.2 August. 2012. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 18.7 August. ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 17.0 August. ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 16.7 August. 2012. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 17.4 August. ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 19.3 August. ISIC Rev.2.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 49.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 48.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 47.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 81.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 82.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 81.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 1658  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1324  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 702  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 35 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 32  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 32  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 163.0 Estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 180.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 52.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 42.9 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 40.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 11.5  
Exports (million US$) 2013 843.9  
Imports (million US$) 2013 13024.0  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -12180.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 United States (18.8), Canada (7.8), China (6.1)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 United States (24.3), Panama (17.7), Free zones (9.8) Data refer to returned goods or goods resulting from outward processing, i.e. minor processing or, in general, operations which do not change the country of origin. When these goods come back they are recorded as re-imports and the country of origin is the country itself. See technical notes.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Urban population (%) 2014 66.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 28.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 11.2/10.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 102.0  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.4/74.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 14.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 52.2  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 158.4/4.1  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 18386  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 3.3  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 86.9/85.8  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 60.0  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 17.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 19.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 363  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 43.4  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 5.2  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 94.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 73.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 9666/2.6  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 41.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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