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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Central America  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 75320  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 3990  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 53.7  
Capital city 2015 Panama City  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 1673 Refers to the metropolitan area of Panama City.  
Currency 2015 Balboa (PAB)  
UN membership date 2013 13 November 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 49166  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 28917  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 15465  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 6.1  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 5.8  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 7.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 12712.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 7987.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 4659.0  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 3.3  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 3.9  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 6.8  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 22.7  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 20.3  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 16.3  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 74.1  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 75.8  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 76.9  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 16.7 Break in the time series. Excluding the institutional population. 2012.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 17.4 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 15.7 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 18.2 Break in the time series. Excluding the institutional population. 2012.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 18.7 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 17.2 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 65.0 Break in the time series. Excluding the institutional population. 2012.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 63.9 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 67.1 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 4.8 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 6.5 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 9.8 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 50.5/80.5 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 49.0/82.0 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 48.0/81.1 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 148 Urban areas. Index base: 2003=100. 2013.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 127 Urban areas. Index base: 2003=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 103 Urban areas. Index base: 2003=100.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 116 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 107  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 117 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 107  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -4794  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -3113  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1064  
Exports (million US$) 2015 695.7  
Imports (million US$) 2015 12129.0  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -11433.3  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 United States (19.7), Germany (13.2), Costa Rica (7.7)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 United States (25.9), Free zones (16.0), China (9.6) See technical notes.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Urban population (%) 2015 66.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 80.5/74.3  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 53  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 184.7/4.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 1745  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 19343  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 15  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 8.0  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 1.7  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 3.3 2011.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 103.7/106.9 2013.  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 77.9/73.2 2013.  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 46.5/31.2 2013.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 17.4 2013.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 18.3  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 158.1 Estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 44.9  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 3.0  
Threatened species 2015 373  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 62.6 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 10363/2.7  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 31  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 42.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 5.2  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 97.7/88.6  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 83.5/58.0  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 -0.5  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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