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Summary statistics
Region Central America  
Currency Balboa (PAB)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 75417  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 3802  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 50.4  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Panama City (1426)  
United Nations membership date 13 November 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 36253  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 27053  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 15465  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 10.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 7.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 9534.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 7355.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 4594.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 8754.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 6749.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 4167.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 27.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 24.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 16.8  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -3267  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -2765  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1022  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 142 Urban areas. Index base 2003=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 127 Urban areas. Index base 2003=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 103 Urban areas. Index base 2003=100.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 113  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 108  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 113  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 108  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 18.2 August.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 18.7 August. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 17.0 August. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 16.7 August.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 17.4 August. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 19.3 August. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 49.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 48.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 47.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 81.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 82.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 81.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 1606  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1324  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 702  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 361  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 320  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 186.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 189.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 54.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 45.2 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 40.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 11.5  
Exports (million US$) 2012 821.9  
Imports (million US$) 2012 12623.4  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -11801.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 United States (20.2), Canada (14.6), Costa Rica (6.6)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 United States (23.6), Panama (20.3), Free zones (10.8) Data refer to returned goods or goods resulting from outward processing, i.e. minor processing or, in general, operations which do not change the country of origin. When these goods come back they are recorded as re-imports and the country of origin is the country itself. See technical notes.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -1.0  
Urban population (%) 2013 76.5  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 28.3  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 10.9/9.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 102.0  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.4/74.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 14.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 52.2  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 158.4/4.1  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 18181  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.5  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 92.7/92.1  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 60.0  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 4.1/42.8  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 8.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 359  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 43.6  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 9625/2.8  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 895.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1907 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 20.0/33.8 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Trade Profile
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