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Summary statistics
Region Southern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 796095  
Population (est., 000) 185133  
Pop. density (per sq km) 232.6  
Capital city Islamabad  
Capital city pop. (000) 1297  
Currency Pakistani Rupee (PKR)  
UN membership date 30 September 1947  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 225419  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 174508  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 117708  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 6.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 1.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 7.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 1237.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1007.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 745.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 1297.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1046.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 759.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 12.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 14.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 15.1  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 105.68 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 85.71 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 59.83 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -4328  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1354  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -3606  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 295  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 234  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 129  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 95  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 110  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 94  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 113  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 5.1  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 5.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.1  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 20.1 ISIC Rev.2. Population aged 10 and over. 2008. January.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 20.3 ISIC Rev.2. Population aged 10 and over. July.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 44.7 ISIC Rev.2. Population aged 10 and over. 2008. January.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 43.0 ISIC Rev.2. Population aged 10 and over. July.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 24.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 23.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 19.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 82.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 82.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 84.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 966 2012.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 907  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 798  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 2220 2012. UNSD estimate.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 2113  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 2020  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 70.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 57.3  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 8.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 10.9 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 8.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 6.3  
Exports (million US$) 2013 25120.9  
Imports (million US$) 2013 43775.2  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -18654.3  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 United States (14.9), China (10.6), Afghanistan (8.0)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 United Arab Emirates (17.7), China (15.1), Kuwait (9.0)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.8  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0  
Urban population (%) 2014 38.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 33.3  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 6.6/6.5  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 105.7  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 67.4/65.6  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 65.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.2  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 35.4  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 4080.8/2.2 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 2844283  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 2.5  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 54.1/66.4  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 48.1  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 7.7  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 20.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 123  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 2.1  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 8.6  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 91.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 48.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 163453/0.9  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 17.0 UNSD estimate.  
Trade Profile
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