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Map
Oman
Summary statistics
Region Western Asia  
Currency Omani Rial (OMR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 309500  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 2846  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 9.2  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Muscat (743)  
United Nations membership date 7 October 1971  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 72680  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 59228  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 30905  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 5.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 8.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 25536.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 21286.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 12721.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 24224.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 20193.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 12300.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 29.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 27.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 23.1  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 0.38 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.38 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.38 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 10263  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 5871  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 5178  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 139  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 134  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 102  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 121  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 125  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 112  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 121  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 125  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 112  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 28.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 28.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 25.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 81.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 79.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 76.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 ...  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1524 2009.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 896  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 64017 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 58091  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 179.1  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 175.7  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 65.8  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 68.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 62.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 6.7  
Exports (million US$) 2011 47091.9  
Imports (million US$) 2011 23619.4  
Balance (million US$) 2011 23472.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 China (30.3)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 United Arab Emirates (27.4), Japan (12.6), United States (5.9) For more information, refer to the technical notes.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9  
Urban population (%) 2012 73.7  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 27.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.7/4.5  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 144.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 76.4/71.4  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 8.4  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.2  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 31.7 2000.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 826.1/28.4 Data refer to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 126  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.3  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 103.1/104.8  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 50.4  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.3/2.8 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 1.2  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 85  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 <  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 41110/15.2  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 6573.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 90  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.9/33.0  
Trade Profile
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