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Countries and areas

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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Western Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 309500  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 4655  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 15.0  
Capital city 2015 Muscat  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 838 Refers to Muscat governorate.  
Currency 2015 Rial Omani (OMR)  
UN membership date 2013 7 October 1971  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 81797  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 58641  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 31082  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 2.9  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 4.8  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 2.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 19309.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 19920.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 12398.6  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 1.2  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 1.4  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 1.6  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 60.9  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 62.8  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 62.1  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 38.0  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 35.9  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 36.3  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 5.2 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 36.9 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 57.9 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 6.3 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 6.6 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.0 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 29.5/84.4 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 27.6/80.7 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 25.4/77.1 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 146 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 134  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 102  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 124 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 122  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 112  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 125 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 122  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 112  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 181 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 165 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 4056  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 4884  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 5178  
Exports (million US$) 2015 50718.3 2014.  
Imports (million US$) 2015 29303.1 2014.  
Balance (million US$) 2015 21415.2 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 China (44.1), Republic of Korea (14.8), Asia nes (7.5) 2014. See technical notes.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 United Arab Emirates (32.5), Japan (12.2), China (4.8) 2014.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 8.5  
Urban population (%) 2015 77.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 8.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 78.9/74.7  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 30  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 1845.0/41.1 Refers to foreign citizens.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 1519  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 390  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 7  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 3.6  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 2.4 2012.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 5.0 2013.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 114.9/105.8  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 98.3/105.5 2011.  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 33.8/24.7 2011.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 1.1 2011.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 1.2  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 157.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 70.2 Estimate.  
Threatened species 2015 90  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 < Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 61184/15.7  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 3151  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 260.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 4.0  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 95.5/86.1  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 97.3/94.7  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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