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Summary statistics
Region Western Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 1267000  
Population (est., 000) 18535  
Pop. density (per sq km) 14.6  
Capital city Niamey  
Capital city pop. (000) 1058  
Currency CFA Franc (XOF)  
UN membership date 20 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 7407  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 5719  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 3369  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 4.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 8.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 7.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 415.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 359.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 255.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 409.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 357.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 254.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 34.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 38.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 21.6  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 475.64 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 490.91 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 556.04 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -1098 2012.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1136  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -312  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 136 Niamey. African population.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 128 Niamey. African population. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 114 Niamey. African population.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 132  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 145  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 132  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 145  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 5.1  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 5.1  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 5.1  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 11.1 Core Welfare Indicators Questionnaire (World Bank). ISIC Rev.2. April to July.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 56.9 Core Welfare Indicators Questionnaire (World Bank). ISIC Rev.2. April to July.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 40.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 39.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 39.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 89.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 90.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 90.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 123  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 74  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 58  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 89 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 61  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 71 UNSD estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 39.3 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 23.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 2.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 1.7 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 0.8 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.2 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 1337.2  
Imports (million US$) 2013 1714.1  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -376.9  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 France (39.6), Burkina Faso (16.3), Nigeria (15.4)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 China (23.7), France (10.1), Togo (6.3)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.9  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 5.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.6  
Urban population (%) 2014 18.5  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 50.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 4.3/4.1  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 101.7  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 58.4/58.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 53.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 7.6  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 13.9  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 132.3/0.7 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 96264  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 4.4  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 40.7/50.8  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 27.8  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 4.7  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 13.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 31  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 0.9  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 17.6  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 52.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 9.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 1423/0.1  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 5.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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