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Countries and areas

Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Virgin Islands Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cabo Verde Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Channel Islands Chile China China, Hong Kong SAR China, Macao SAR Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Faeroe Islands Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova Réunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Helena Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka State of Palestine Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Republic of Tanzania United States of America United States Virgin Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
Summary statistics
Region 2015 Central America  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 130373  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 6150  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 51.1  
Capital city 2015 Managua  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 956  
Currency 2015 Cordoba Oro (NIO)  
UN membership date 2013 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 11806  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 8741  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 6321  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 4.7  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 3.2  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 4.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 1963.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1523.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1175.1  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 20.5  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 18.8  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 17.7  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 25.7  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 24.3  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 23.0  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 53.8  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 57.0  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 59.3  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 ...  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 32.2 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Persons aged 14 years and over.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 28.9 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 ...  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 16.5 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Persons aged 14 years and over.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 19.7 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 ...  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 51.3 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Persons aged 14 years and over.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 51.4 Persons aged 10 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 5.6 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.0 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 5.6 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 48.9/80.2 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 46.8/80.6 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 43.7/80.4 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 308 Index base: 1999=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 234 Index base: 1999=100. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 147 Index base: 1999=100.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 138 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 118  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 140 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 119  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -838  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -780  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -784 Break in the time series.  
Exports (million US$) 2015 4973.5 2014.  
Imports (million US$) 2015 5746.4 2014.  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -772.9 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 United States (48.4), Mexico (12.4), Venezuela (7.8) 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 United States (16.3), China (14.9), Mexico (9.5) 2014.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2  
Urban population (%) 2015 58.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 77.5/71.4  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 54  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 40.3/0.7 Including refugees.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 1330 Including nationals residing abroad.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 391  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 20  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 9.0  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 0.9 2014.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 11.5 2012.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 41.3  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 114.6 Estimate. Includes inactive subscriptions.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 17.6 Estimate.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 1.0 2012.  
Threatened species 2015 141  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 25.9 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 4569/0.8  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 89  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 25.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 22.0  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 99.3/69.4  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 76.5/55.7  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 3.7  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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