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Summary statistics
Region Central America  
Surface area (sq km) 130373  
Population (est., 000) 6169  
Pop. density (per sq km) 47.5  
Capital city Managua  
Capital city pop. (000) 951  
Currency Córdoba (NIO)  
UN membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 11256  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 8938  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 6321  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 4.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 1851.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1535.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1158.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 1799.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1494.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 1126.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 22.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 18.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 23.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 25.33 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 21.88 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 17.15 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -1280  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -857  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -784  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 291 Index base 1999=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 234 Index base 1999=100. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 147 Index base 1999=100.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 138  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 118  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 140  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 119  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 7.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 5.6  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 16.5 ISIC Rev.2. Population aged 10 and over.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 19.7 ISIC Rev.2. Population aged 10 and over. November.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 32.2 ISIC Rev.2. Population aged 10 and over.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 28.9 ISIC Rev.2. Population aged 10 and over. November.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 47.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 46.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 43.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 80.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 80.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 80.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 1229 Including nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1011 Including nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 712 Including nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 75 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 73  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 82  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 112.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 68.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 20.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 15.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 10.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 2.6  
Exports (million US$) 2013 4594.1  
Imports (million US$) 2013 5498.8  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -904.7  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 United States (45.3), Mexico (13.2), Venezuela (8.4)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 United States (16.5), Curaçao (14.7), China (11.5)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7  
Urban population (%) 2014 58.5  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 32.3  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 7.5/6.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 97.8  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.7/71.6  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 16.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 80.4  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 41.5/0.7 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 265  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 4.4  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 95.5/94.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 52.2 2002.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 11.3  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 39.1  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 134  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 24.7  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 22.0  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 85.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 52.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 4899/0.8  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 23.0  
Trade Profile
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