Find UNdata on Facebook Follow UNdata on Twitter Please send us your feedback

Countries and areas

Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Virgin Islands Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China China, Hong Kong SAR China, Macao SAR Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Faeroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova Réunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka State of Palestine Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Republic of Tanzania United States of America United States Virgin Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
Map
Nicaragua
Summary statistics
Region Central America  
Currency Cordoba Oro (NIO)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 130373  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 5870  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 45.0  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Managua (970)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 7297  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 6591  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 4872  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 4.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 4.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 1243.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1139.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 898.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 1201.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1091.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 871.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 29.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 27.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 28.5  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 22.98 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 21.88 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 17.15 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -1302  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -883  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -784  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 253 Index base 1999=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 234 Index base 1999=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 147 Index base 1999=100.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 127  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 117  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 126  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 118  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ... Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 16.5 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 19.7 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. November.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ... Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 32.2 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 28.9 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. November.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 46.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 46.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 43.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 80.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 80.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 80.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 1060 Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1011 Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 712 Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 61 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 61  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 87.1  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 72.9  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 24.7  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 10.6  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 10.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 2.6  
Exports (million US$) 2011 2280.9  
Imports (million US$) 2011 5047.3  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -2766.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 United States (30.4), Venezuela (13.3), Canada (12.0)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 United States (18.8), Venezuela (15.7), China (9.2)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7  
Urban population (%) 2012 57.8  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 33.3  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.0/6.2  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.8  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.5/71.4  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 18.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 72.4  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 40.1/0.7 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 92  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.0  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 96.2/94.7  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 52.1 UNESCO estimate. 2003.  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.8/20.7  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 40.2  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 128  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 26.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 4459/0.8  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 249.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1989 Chinandega.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 26.9/26.9 Chinandega. Refers to average temperature.  
Trade Profile
Copyright © 2014 - Conditions of Use
United Nations Statistics Division
Version v0.14.6 Beta