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Summary statistics
Region Oceania  
Surface area (sq km) 275042  
Population (est., 000) 4551  
Pop. density (per sq km) 16.8  
Capital city Wellington  
Capital city pop. (000) 380  
Currency New Zealand Dollar (NZD)  
UN membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 189025  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 145284  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 115064  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 2.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 1.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 41951.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 33260.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 27832.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 40317.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 31591.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 26039.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 22.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 24.7  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 1.22 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1.30 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1.47 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -5932  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -3433  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -8025  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 138  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 130  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 113  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE). Twelve months ending 31 March of the year stated.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE). Twelve months ending 31 March of the year stated.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 104 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE). Twelve months ending 31 March of the year stated.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 108  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 110  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 105  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 6.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 6.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 3.8  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 20.9 Average of quarterly estimates. 2009. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 22.0 ISIC Rev.3. Average of quarterly estimates. Excluding Chathams, Antarctic Territory and other minor offshore islands.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 6.6 Average of quarterly estimates. 2009. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 7.1 ISIC Rev.3. Average of quarterly estimates. Excluding Chathams, Antarctic Territory and other minor offshore islands.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 62.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 61.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 60.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 73.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 74.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 74.8  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 2629  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2435  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 2353  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 740 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 771  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 573  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 105.8 Including subscriptions active in the last 90 days only.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 107.8 Including subscriptions active in the last 90 days only.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 85.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 82.8 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 80.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 62.7 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 39443.6  
Imports (million US$) 2013 39619.2  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -175.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 China (20.7), Australia (19.0), United States (8.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 China (17.1), Australia (13.3), United States (9.4)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9  
Urban population (%) 2014 86.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 20.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 20.5/18.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 96.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.9/79.1  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.1  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 75.0 Age group 20 to 49 years. 1995.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 1132.8/25.1  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 1678 Refugee population refers to the end of 2013.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 7.4  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 111.7/108.4  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 58.2  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 0.9  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 31.4  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 197  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 31.3  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 29.8  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 100.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 31232/7.1  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 193.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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