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Summary statistics
Region Oceania-Melanesia  
Currency CFP Franc (XPF)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 18575  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 253  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 13.6  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Nouméa (157)  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 9840  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 9006  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 6236  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 2.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 38869.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 36554.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 27266.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 38869.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 36554.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 27266.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 37.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 42.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 28.5  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 89.98 UN operational exchange rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 90.81 UN operational exchange rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 100.84 UN operational exchange rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -1654 2011.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1426  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -112  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 124 Nouméa.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 119 Nouméa.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 108 Nouméa.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 98  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 97  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ... Population census. Age group 14 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 22.4 Population census. Age group 14 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. 2008.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 21.3 Population census. Age group 14 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ... Population census. Age group 14 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 2.7 Population census. Age group 14 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. 2008.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 3.1 Population census. Age group 14 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 45.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 45.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 47.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 67.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 67.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 69.9  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 112 Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 99 Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 101 Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 27  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 31  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 89.3 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 88.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 58.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 58.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 42.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 32.4  
Exports (million US$) 2012 1292.9  
Imports (million US$) 2012 3245.0  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -1952.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 France (18.4), Japan (15.7), Republic of Korea (12.1)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 France (22.2), Singapore (18.6), Australia (10.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9  
Urban population (%) 2013 61.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 22.7  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 14.5/13.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 102.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 79.3/73.6  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 13.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.1  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 63.0/24.6  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 490  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 45.9  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 3917/15.6  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 4715.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1072 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 20.2/26.0 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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