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Summary statistics
Region Western Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 37354  
Population (est., 000) 16802  
Pop. density (per sq km) 404.6  
Capital city Amsterdam Amsterdam is the capital and The Hague is the seat of government.  
Capital city pop. (000) 1084  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
UN membership date 10 December 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 853539  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 836390  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 672357  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 -0.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 1.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 50929.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 50338.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 41243.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 51038.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 50656.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 41273.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 18.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.5  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 0.73 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 87089  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 57760  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 46618  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 131  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 122  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 113  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 94 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 113  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 111  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 113  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 112  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 6.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 4.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 4.7  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 15.3 2011.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 15.9 Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 19.6 ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 2.5 2011.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 2.8 Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 3.2 ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 58.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 58.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 56.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 70.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 71.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 72.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 12783 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 10883 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 10012 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 2711 Excluding Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles. 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 2924 Excluding Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 2604 Excluding Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 113.7 Third quarter.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 115.4 July.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 97.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 94.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 90.7 Population aged 16 to 74 using the Internet in the last 12 months.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 81.0 Population aged 16 to 74 using the Internet in the last 12 months.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 571246.9  
Imports (million US$) 2013 506162.3  
Balance (million US$) 2013 65084.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Germany (24.7), Belgium (11.1), United Kingdom (8.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Germany (16.6), Belgium (9.8), China (8.3)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -5.9  
Urban population (%) 2014 89.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 17.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 25.4/22.3  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 98.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.8/78.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.8  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 69.0 Age group 18 to 45 years.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 1964.9/11.7  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 76658 Refugee population refers to the end of 2013. The number of pending asylum-seekers is not available.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 5.9  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 116.9/118.6  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 51.4  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 0.9  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 37.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 30  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 10.8  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 18.1  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 100.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 100.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 168007/10.1  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 194.0 Excluding Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles.  
Trade Profile
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