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Summary statistics
Region Western Europe  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 37354  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 16714  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 447.5  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Amsterdam (1056) Amsterdam is the capital and The Hague is the seat of government.  
United Nations membership date 10 December 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 770067  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 777158  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 638471  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 -1.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 1.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 46073.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 46773.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 39164.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 46507.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 46056.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 39353.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 17.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 17.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 18.9  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 0.76 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 72733  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 57760  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 46618  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 128  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 122  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 113  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 106  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 107  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 112  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 111  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 112  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 111  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 5.3 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 4.5 Age group 15 to 74 years. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 4.7 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 15.3 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). 2011.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 15.9 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 19.6 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 2.5 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). 2011.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 2.8 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 3.2 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 79.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 79.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 80.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 87.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 87.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 89.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 11680 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 10883 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 10012 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ... Excludes Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 72992 Excludes Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 65446 Excludes Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 117.5 Third quarter.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 115.5 July.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 97.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 93.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 90.7 Age group 16 to 74 years using the Internet within the last 12 months.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 81.0 Age group 16 to 74 years using the Internet within the last 12 months.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 552461.8  
Imports (million US$) 2012 500605.3  
Balance (million US$) 2012 51856.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Germany (24.7), Belgium (11.3), France (8.4)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Germany (15.9), Belgium (9.7), China (8.2)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -2.1  
Urban population (%) 2013 84.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 17.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 25.0/21.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 98.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.8/78.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.8  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 69.0 Age group 18 to 45 years.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 1964.9/11.7  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 84334 Refugee population refers to the end of 2012. Asylum-seeker population refers to the end of 2011.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.0  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 117.4/118.7  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 51.8  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.5/1.4  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 38.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 30  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 10.8  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 181929/11.0  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 3946.0 Excludes Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles.  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 780 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 6.1/13.4 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Trade Profile
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