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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Southern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 147181  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 28851  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 201.3  
Capital city 2015 Kathmandu  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 1183 Refers to the municipality.  
Currency 2015 Nepalese Rupee (NPR)  
UN membership date 2013 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 19489  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 16281  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 8259  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 5.4  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 4.8  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 3.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 691.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 605.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 323.8  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 32.5  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 35.4  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 35.2  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 15.1  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 15.1  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 17.1  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 52.4  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 49.5  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 47.7  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 66.5 2013.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 73.9 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Excluding the institutional population. 2008.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 65.7 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Persons aged 10 years and over. 2001.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 11.2 2013.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 10.8 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Excluding the institutional population. 2008.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 13.4 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Persons aged 10 years and over. 2001.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 22.4 2013.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 15.3 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Excluding the institutional population. 2008.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 20.7 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Persons aged 10 years and over. 2001.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 3.1 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 2.6 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 2.8 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 79.7/86.8 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 79.8/87.5 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 80.4/89.0 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 271  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 193 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 123  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 132 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 114  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 132 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 114  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 488  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -128  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 153  
Exports (million US$) 2015 660.2  
Imports (million US$) 2015 6612.1  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -5951.9  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 India (63.5), United States (10.7), Germany (4.1)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 India (60.6), China (13.9), United Arab Emirates (4.0)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2  
Urban population (%) 2015 18.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.2  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 70.5/67.6  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 62  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 518.3/1.8 Including refugees.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 790 Including arrivals from India.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 36753 Various studies estimate that a large number of individuals lack citizenship certificates in Nepal. While these individuals are not all necessarily stateless, UNHCR has been working closely with the Government of Nepal and partners to address this situation.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 32  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 5.8  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 4.7  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 140.6/130.1  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 68.9/64.9 Estimate.  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 15.3/18.7 2013.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 2.9 2011.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 29.5  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 82.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 15.4 Estimate.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 1.0 2013.  
Threatened species 2015 105  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 25.4 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 6502/0.2  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 386  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 16.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 22.9  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 90.9/91.8  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 56.0/43.5  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 4.4  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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