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Summary statistics
Region Southern Asia  
Currency Nepalese Rupee (NPR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 147181  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 27474  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 186.7  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Kathmandu (1015)  
United Nations membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 18029  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 16305  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 8259  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 4.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 4.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 656.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 607.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 326.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 662.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 612.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 327.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 20.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 22.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 19.9  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 87.77 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 71.95 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 74.05 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 577  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -128  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 153  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 230  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 193 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 123  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 132  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 114  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 132  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 114  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 54.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 56.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 55.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 63.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 66.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 67.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 803 Includes arrivals from India.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 603 Includes arrivals from India.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 375 Includes arrivals from India.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 287  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 225  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 52.8 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 30.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 0.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 11.2 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 7.9 December.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.8  
Exports (million US$) 2012 907.6 2011.  
Imports (million US$) 2012 5915.9 2011.  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -5008.3 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 India (67.7), United States (7.7), Germany (4.5) 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 India (63.4), China (11.7), United Arab Emirates (5.6) 2011.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Urban population (%) 2013 17.7  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 34.7  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 7.8/7.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 93.8  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 69.3/67.1  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 35.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.3  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 49.7  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 971.3/3.5 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 51870  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.7  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 100.2/94.6  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 41.7  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 2.2/14.9 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 29.9  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 95  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 25.4  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 3752/0.1  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 49.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1425  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 11.7/24.8  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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