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Map
Namibia
Summary statistics
Region Southern Africa  
Currency Namibian Dollar (NAD)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 824268  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 2324  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 2.8  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Windhoek (380)  
United Nations membership date 23 April 1990  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 12641  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 11447  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 7261  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 3.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 5439.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 5013.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 3491.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 5360.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 4939.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 3437.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 27.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 24.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 18.6  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 8.14 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 6.63 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 6.33 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -585  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -239  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 267  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 169 Index base 2002=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 160 Index base 2002=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 114 Index base 2002=100.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 90  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 90  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 91  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 91  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 104  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 17.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. 2008. Excludes regular military living in barracks.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 14.8 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. 2004. Age group 15 to 69 years.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 16.3 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. 2008. Excludes regular military living in barracks.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 29.9 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. 2004. Age group 15 to 69 years.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 58.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 58.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 55.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 69.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 69.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 68.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 ...  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 984  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 778  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 123 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 133  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 111.0  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 74.1  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 28.3  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 12.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 11.6  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 4.0  
Exports (million US$) 2011 5900.9  
Imports (million US$) 2011 6457.3  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -556.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 South Africa (29.1), United Kingdom (14.4), Angola (8.3)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 South Africa (75.8), China (4.1), United Kingdom (3.6)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7  
Urban population (%) 2012 39.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 35.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 6.6/5.1  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 63.0/62.1  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 29.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.1  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 55.1  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 138.9/6.3  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 7018  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 8.3  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 93.3/89.4  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.8  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 7.2/47.9 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 24.4  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 97  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 9.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 3583/1.6  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 650.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 368  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 13.0/26.6  
Trade Profile
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