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Summary statistics
Region South-Eastern Asia  
Currency Kyat (MMK)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 676578  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 52797  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 78.0  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Nay Pyi Taw (1060)  
United Nations membership date 19 April 1948  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 59444  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 41518  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 11931  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 6.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 10.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 13.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 1125.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 799.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 237.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 1125.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 799.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 237.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 34.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 22.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 12.7  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 854.50 UN operational exchange rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 851.00 UN operational exchange rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1061.00 UN operational exchange rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -1424 2011.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 1574  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 582  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 164 2011. Index base 2006=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 156 Index base 2006=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 297  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 140  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 135  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 139  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 135  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 85.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 86.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 87.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 82.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 83.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 83.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 593 Includes tourist arrivals through border entry points to Yangon.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 311 Includes tourist arrivals through border entry points to Yangon.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 232 Includes tourist arrivals through border entry points to Yangon.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 13536  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 13075  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 11.2 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 1.2 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 0.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 1.1 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 0.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.1  
Exports (million US$) 2012 7625.2 2010.  
Imports (million US$) 2012 4164.3 2010.  
Balance (million US$) 2012 3460.9 2010.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Thailand (41.7), China, Hong Kong SAR (21.1), India (12.6) 2010.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 China (27.1), Singapore (27.0), Thailand (11.4) 2010.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.1  
Urban population (%) 2013 33.8  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 24.9  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 9.2/7.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 94.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 67.1/63.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 48.9  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.0  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 46.0  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 103.1/0.2 Data refer to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 1440075  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 0.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 78.8/78.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 57.5  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.1/17.4 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 5.6  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 282  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 48.2  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 8988/0.2  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 84.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2681 Yangon. Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 22.6/32.3 Yangon. Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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