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Map
Mozambique
Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Currency (new)Metical(MZN) Beginning 1 July 2006, 1 new Metical = 1000 old Meticais.  
Surface area (square kilometres) 801590  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 23930  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 29.9  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Maputo (1150)  
United Nations membership date 16 September 1975  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 12823  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 9209  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 6579  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 7.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 8.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 536.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 394.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 317.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 509.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 391.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 300.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 16.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 15.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 18.7  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 27.31 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 32.58 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 24.18 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -1615  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1250  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -761  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 319 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 287  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 173  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 119  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 112  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 95  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 120  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 112  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 94  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 86.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 86.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 87.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 82.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 83.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 83.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 ...  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1718 Methodology revised. Data are not strictly comparable with those of previous years.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 578  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 4207 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 3245  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 33.2  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 31.3  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 7.6  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 4.3  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 4.2  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 0.9  
Exports (million US$) 2011 3604.1  
Imports (million US$) 2011 6305.6  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -2701.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Netherlands (38.9), South Africa (16.2), United Kingdom (5.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 South Africa (33.6), Netherlands (10.7), United Arab Emirates (6.4)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9  
Urban population (%) 2012 31.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 43.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.7/4.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 95.2  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 51.8/50.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 77.9  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.7  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 16.5 2003-2004.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 450.0/1.9 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 13686  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.0  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 75.9/84.3  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 38.7  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 8.4/53.6 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 39.2  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 214  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 50.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 2598/0.1  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 78.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 814  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 18.6/27.2  
Trade Profile
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