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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 801590  
Population (est., 000) 26473  
Pop. density (per sq km) 33.0  
Capital city Maputo  
Capital city pop. (000) 1174  
Currency Metical (MZN)  
UN membership date 16 September 1975  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 15628  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 10165  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 7595  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 7.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 8.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 605.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 424.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 361.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 604.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 421.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 342.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 15.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 15.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 13.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 30.08 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 32.58 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 24.18 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -5892  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1450  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -761  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 341  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 287  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 173  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 157  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 148  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 96  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 161  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 153  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 95  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 8.3  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.3  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 8.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 85.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 86.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 87.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 82.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 83.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 83.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 1886  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1718 Methodology revised.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 578  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 666 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 516  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 430  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 48.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 30.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 7.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 5.4 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 4.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.9 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 4023.7  
Imports (million US$) 2013 10099.1  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -6075.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Netherlands (28.6), South Africa (22.4), India (16.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 South Africa (32.7), United Arab Emirates (8.5), China (6.4)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.3  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Urban population (%) 2014 31.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 45.3  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 5.6/4.5  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 95.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 51.1/49.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 74.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.2  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 11.6  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 218.8/0.9 Refers to foreign citizens. Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 16571  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 5.0 2006.  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 73.3/80.7  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 41.0  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 12.4  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 39.6  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 261  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 49.1  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 10.9  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 49.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 21.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 3282/0.2  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 18.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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