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Summary statistics
Region Southern Europe  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 13812  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 621  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 45.0  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Podgorica (156)  
United Nations membership date 28 June 2006  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 4046  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 4111  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2257  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 -2.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 2.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 6514.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 6629.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 3665.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 6741.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 6583.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 3700.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 18.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 21.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 18.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 0.76 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -769  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -952  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1464 2007.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 ... Index base 2005=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 122 Index base 2005=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 100 Index base 2005=100.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 66 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 79 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 90  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 91  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100 2006.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 90  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 91  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100 2006.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 20.3  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 19.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 17.2 2008.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 18.1  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 20.0 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 19.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 15 to 64 years. October. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 5.7  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 6.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 8.6 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 15 to 64 years. October. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 44.3 Refers to Serbia and Montenegro.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 43.9 Refers to Serbia and Montenegro.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 45.7 Refers to Serbia and Montenegro.  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 60.8 Refers to Serbia and Montenegro.  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 60.4 Refers to Serbia and Montenegro.  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 64.2 Refers to Serbia and Montenegro.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 1264 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1088 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 272 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 663  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 447  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 177.9 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 185.3 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 86.7  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 56.8 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 37.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 27.1 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 468.8  
Imports (million US$) 2012 2336.4  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -1867.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Croatia (22.9), Serbia (22.8), Slovenia (7.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Serbia (29.3), Greece (8.7), China (7.2)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.5  
Urban population (%) 2013 63.7  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 18.7  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 21.1/16.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 97.7  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.1/72.4  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 9.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.7  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 39.4 2005-2006.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 50.7/8.2  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 19873  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 94.8/94.1  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 54.3  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.1/2.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 14.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 84  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 40.4  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 2579/4.1  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 1482.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1661 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 10.7/20.5 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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