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Summary statistics
Region Southern Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 13812  
Population (est., 000) 622  
Pop. density (per sq km) 45.0  
Capital city Podgorica  
Capital city pop. (000) 165  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
UN membership date 28 June 2006  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 4418  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 4111  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2257  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 3.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 2.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 7109.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 6629.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 3665.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 7248.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 6583.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 3700.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 19.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 21.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 18.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 0.73 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -649  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -952  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1464 2007.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 ...  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 122 Index base 2005=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 100 Index base 2005=100.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 92 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 127 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 98  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 91  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 ...  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 91  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 ...  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 19.8  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 19.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 19.4  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 18.1 2012.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 20.0 ISIC Rev.3. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 19.2 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 15-64. October.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 5.7 2012.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 6.2 ISIC Rev.3. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 8.6 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 15-64. October.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 43.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 43.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 42.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 57.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 58.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 59.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 1324 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1088 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 272 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 29 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 37  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 27  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 160.0 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 188.7 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 88.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 56.8 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 37.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 27.1 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 494.4  
Imports (million US$) 2013 2348.9  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -1854.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Serbia (35.8), Croatia (16.0), Slovenia (9.7)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Serbia (28.6), Greece (8.5), China (8.1)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.5  
Urban population (%) 2014 63.8  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 18.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 21.5/17.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 97.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.1/72.4  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 9.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.7  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 39.4 2005-2006.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 50.7/8.2  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 19910  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 94.8/94.1  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 54.3  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 2.7  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 17.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 83  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 40.4  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 2.7  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 98.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 90.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 2571/4.1  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 68.0  
Trade Profile
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