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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Asia  
Currency Togrog (MNT)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 1564116  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 2796  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 1.8  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Ulaanbaatar (1184)  
United Nations membership date 27 October 1961  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 10271  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 6201  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2523  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 12.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 7.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 3673.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 2285.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 998.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 3430.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 2079.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 978.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 51.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 32.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 28.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 1392.10 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1256.47 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1221.00 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -3362  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -886  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 84  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 181 Index base 2006=100. 2011.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 166 Index base 2006=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 110 Index base 2006=100. 2007.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 108 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 114 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 133  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 115  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 135  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 115  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 17.3 2011.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 16.2  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 16.8 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Official estimates. Age group 16 years and over. December.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 32.6 2011.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 33.0  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 39.9 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Official estimates. Age group 16 years and over. December.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 56.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 55.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 55.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 68.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 67.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 65.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 476 Excludes diplomats and foreign residents in Mongolia.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 456 Excludes diplomats and foreign residents in Mongolia.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 338 Excludes diplomats and foreign residents in Mongolia.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 14929  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 3226  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 117.6  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 90.3  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 21.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 16.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 10.2 Refers to total population.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 ...  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.8  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -1.4  
Urban population (%) 2013 70.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 27.3  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 6.6/5.2  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 98.2  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 71.5/63.6  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 25.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 55.2  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 17.2/0.6 Data refer to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 229  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.5  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 109.6/109.2  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 58.7  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 4.1/11.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 14.9  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 36  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 7.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 11501/4.2  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 1138.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 270 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2001.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) -6.4/5.9 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2001.  
Trade Profile
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