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Map
Mexico
Summary statistics
Region Central America  
Currency Mexican Peso (MXN)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 1964375  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 114793  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 58.4  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Mexico City (20446)  
United Nations membership date 7 November 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 1155206  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1031109  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 846095  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 3.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 10063.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 9091.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 7946.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 9917.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 8987.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 7807.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 20.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 13.99 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 12.36 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 10.78 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -9043  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -2858  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -5876  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 163 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 158  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 127  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 110 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Includes construction.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 106 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Includes construction.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Includes construction.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 106  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 107  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 106  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 108  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 5.2 Age group 14 years and over.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 5.3 Age group 14 years and over. Methodology revised. Data are not strictly comparable with those of previous years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 3.6 Age group 14 years and over.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ... Age group 14 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 25.5 Age group 14 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 25.5 Age group 14 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. Second quarter.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ... Age group 14 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 13.1 Age group 14 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 14.9 Age group 14 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. Second quarter.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 44.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 43.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 41.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 80.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 80.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 81.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 23403 Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 23290 Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 21915 Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 199414 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 233572  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 99.5  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 98.1  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 62.6  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 36.2  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 31.1  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 17.2  
Exports (million US$) 2011 349569.0  
Imports (million US$) 2011 350842.4  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -1273.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 United States (78.7), Canada (3.1), China (1.7)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 United States (49.8), China (14.9), Japan (4.7)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.2  
Urban population (%) 2012 78.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 28.3  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 10.0/9.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 79.6/74.8  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 14.2  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.2  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 70.9  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 725.7/0.7 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 2313  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.3  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 102.6/100.2  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 50.0  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 2.5/23.0  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 36.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 959  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 33.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 445872/4.0  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1395.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 816  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 9.6/23.4  
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