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Summary statistics
Region Central America  
Surface area (sq km) 1964375  
Population (est., 000) 123799  
Pop. density (per sq km) 63.2  
Capital city Mexico City  
Capital city pop. (000) 20843 Refers to the total population in seventy-six municipalities of the Metropolitan Area of Mexico City.  
Currency Mexican Peso (MXN)  
UN membership date 7 November 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 1259201  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1049925  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 864810  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 1.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 10293.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 8906.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 7810.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 10084.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 8809.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 7672.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 21.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 21.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 21.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 13.08 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 12.36 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 10.78 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -26284  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -4067  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -8956  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 177  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 158  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 127  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 107 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 99 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 115  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 108  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 115  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 108  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 4.9  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 5.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 3.5  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 24.1 ISIC Rev.2. Second quarter. Break in series. 2011.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 25.5 ISIC Rev.2. Population aged 14 and over. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 25.5 ISIC Rev.2. Population aged 14 and over. Second quarter.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 13.4 ISIC Rev.2. Second quarter. Break in series. 2011.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 13.1 ISIC Rev.2. Population aged 14 and over. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 14.9 ISIC Rev.2. Population aged 14 and over. Second quarter.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 45.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 43.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 41.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 79.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 80.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 80.8  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 24151 Including nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 23290 Including nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 21915 Including nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 8861 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 8952  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 10305  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 85.8 Preliminary.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 77.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 42.6  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 43.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 31.1 Refers to total population.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 17.2 Refers to total population. ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 379960.8  
Imports (million US$) 2013 381210.1  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -1249.3  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 United States (78.9), Canada (2.7), Spain (1.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 United States (49.3), China (16.1), Japan (4.5)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.1  
Urban population (%) 2014 79.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 28.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 10.6/9.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 94.0  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 79.7/74.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 14.2  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.2  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 72.5  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 1103.5/0.9 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 4036  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 5.2  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 97.1/93.7  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 49.6  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 21.5  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 38.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 1091  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 33.2  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 6.0  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 95.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 85.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 466549/3.9  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 64.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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