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Countries and areas

Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Virgin Islands Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cabo Verde Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Channel Islands Chile China China, Hong Kong SAR China, Macao SAR Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Faeroe Islands Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova Réunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Helena Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka State of Palestine Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Republic of Tanzania United States of America United States Virgin Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
Summary statistics
Region 2015 Southern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 652864  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 33370  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 51.1  
Capital city 2015 Kabul  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 4635  
Currency 2015 Afghani (AFN)  
UN membership date 2013 19 November 1946  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 21122  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 16078  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 6622  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 2.2  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 3.2  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 9.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 667.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 575.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 271.4  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 25.7  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 29.6  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 36.6  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 22.1  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 21.9  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 26.9  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 52.2  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 48.5  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 36.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 9.1 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 10.1 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 10.3 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 18.9/83.7 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 16.5/84.0 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 16.4/84.3 Estimate.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 120 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 116  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 106  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 120 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 116  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 106  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -6855  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -3711  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 ...  
Exports (million US$) 2015 570.5 2014.  
Imports (million US$) 2015 7697.2 2014.  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -7126.7 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Pakistan (33.0), India (28.0), Areas nes (27.3) 2014. See technical notes.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 Areas nes (44.3), Iran (19.5), Pakistan (17.3) 2014. See technical notes.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0  
Urban population (%) 2015 26.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 61.1/58.7  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 87  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 382.4/1.2  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 1421419  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 71  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 8.2 Data revision. Non-profit institutions (such as NGOs) serving households are accounted for in “external assistance” and recorded under government expenditure. GDP includes both licit and illicit GDPs (for example, opium). Government expenditures include external assistance (external budget).  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 0.3  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 4.8 Estimate.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 91.8/130.7  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 39.7/70.8  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 3.7/13.3  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 6.6 2012.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 27.7  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 74.9 Data as at the end of December.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 6.4 Estimate.  
Threatened species 2015 38  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 2.1 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 21269/0.7  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 59  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 10.0 Estimate.  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 0.5  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 78.2/47.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 45.1/27.0  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 23.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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