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Summary statistics
Region Western Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 1030700  
Population (est., 000) 3984  
Pop. density (per sq km) 3.9  
Capital city Nouakchott  
Capital city pop. (000) 945  
Currency Ouguiya (MRO)  
UN membership date 27 October 1961  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 5516  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 4338  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2184  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 6.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 9.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 1418.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1201.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 694.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 1326.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1173.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 714.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 40.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 36.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 59.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 299.00 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 282.00 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 270.61 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -1262  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1226 2012.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 ...  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 214  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 185  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 139  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 115 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 ... ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 120  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 113  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 120  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 113  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 31.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 31.1  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 32.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 28.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 28.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 25.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 79.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 78.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 78.5  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 31 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 34  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 15  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 102.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 76.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 23.7  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 6.2 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 4.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.7  
Exports (million US$) 2013 2462.5  
Imports (million US$) 2013 3978.5  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -1516.0  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 China (50.5), Switzerland (13.5), Italy (6.4)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Hungary (20.4), United Arab Emirates (18.9), France (9.8)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9  
Urban population (%) 2014 59.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 39.9  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 5.6/4.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 101.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 63.0/59.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 71.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.7  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 9.3  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 90.2/2.3 Refers to foreign citizens. Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 80559  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 3.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 64.2/62.7  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 30.0  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 5.0  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 25.2  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 69  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 <  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 1.4  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 50.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 27.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 2310/0.6  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 13.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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