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Summary statistics
Region Western Africa  
Currency Ouguiya (MRO)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 1030700  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 3796  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 3.7  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Nouakchott (786)  
United Nations membership date 27 October 1961  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 3866  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 3156  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2184  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 4.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 9.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 1018.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 874.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 694.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 956.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 857.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 714.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 27.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 42.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 59.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 303.04 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 282.00 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 270.61 Market rate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 205  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 185  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 139  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 120  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 113  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 120  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 113  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 28.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 28.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 25.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 79.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 78.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 78.5  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 415  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 111.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 80.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 24.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 5.4 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 4.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.7  
Exports (million US$) 2012 2623.8  
Imports (million US$) 2012 2970.6  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -346.8  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 China (44.1), Switzerland (10.7), Japan (8.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 United Arab Emirates (23.5), Belgium (15.6), France (11.2)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.9  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.8  
Urban population (%) 2013 42.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 40.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 5.6/4.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 101.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 63.0/59.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 71.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.7  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 9.3  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 90.2/2.3 Data refer to foreign citizens. Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 103073  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.7  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 62.1/61.7 UNESCO estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 29.3  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 11.4/18.0 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 25.2  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 66  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 <  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 2213/0.6  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 196.0 UNSD estimate.  
Trade Profile
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