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Summary statistics
Region Southern Europe  
Currency Euro (EUR) Beginning 1 January 2008, the Maltese Liri (MTL) was replaced by the euro (1 EUR=0.42924 MTL).  
Surface area (square kilometres) 316  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 428  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 1353.7  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Valletta (198)  
United Nations membership date 1 December 1964  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 8775  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 8446  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 6131  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 0.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 4.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 20513.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 19884.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 14781.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 19264.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 18545.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 14128.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 14.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 17.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 21.4  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 0.76 Market rate. Euro.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate. Euro.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.36 Official rate. Maltese Liri (MTL).  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 180  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -608  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -524  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 133  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 127 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 113  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 107  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 103  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 90  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 99  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 90  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 6.4 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 6.9 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.3 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 22.1 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 25.2 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 29.5 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 1.0 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 1.3 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 1.7 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 38.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 34.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 30.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 66.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 67.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 68.6  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 1444  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1339  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1171  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 128.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 109.4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 79.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 70.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 63.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 41.2 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 5646.3  
Imports (million US$) 2012 7896.2  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -2249.9  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Bunkers (17.2), Germany (8.1), China, Hong Kong SAR (7.7) See technical notes.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Italy (32.1), United Kingdom (6.0), France (6.0)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -2.8  
Urban population (%) 2013 95.2  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 14.7  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 25.2/21.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 99.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.0/77.4  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 85.8 Age group 20 to 45 years. 1993.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 34.5/8.0  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 8552 Refugee population refers to the end of 2012.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.9  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 95.1/95.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.0  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.4/<  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 14.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 30  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 0.9  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 2587/6.2  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 2031.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 553 Luqa. Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 14.9/22.3 Luqa. Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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