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Map
Malta
Summary statistics
Region Southern Europe  
Currency Euro (EUR) Beginning 1 January 2008, the Maltese Liri (MTL) was replaced by the euro (1 EUR=0.42924 MTL).  
Surface area (square kilometres) 316  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 418  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 1322.3  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Valletta (198)  
United Nations membership date 1 December 1964  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 8887  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 8110  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 5981  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 2.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 2.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 21269.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 19471.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 14613.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 19405.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 17861.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 13952.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 14.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 17.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 22.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 0.77 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.36 Official rate. Currency = Maltese Liri.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -116  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -487  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -524  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 130  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 127 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 113  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 104  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 102  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 95  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 96  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 95  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 96  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 6.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 6.9  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.3  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 24.4 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 24.5 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 29.5 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). Excludes mining and quarrying. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 1.1 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 1.2 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 1.7 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 35.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 35.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 30.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 67.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 67.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 68.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 1412 Departures by air and by sea.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1336 Departures by air and by sea.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1171 Departures by air and by sea.  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 179.8  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 168.1  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 128.5  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 69.2  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 63.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 41.2  
Exports (million US$) 2011 5278.7  
Imports (million US$) 2011 7395.9  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -2117.2  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 Italy (27.1), France (7.0), United Kingdom (6.8) For more information, refer to the technical notes.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -2.8  
Urban population (%) 2012 95.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 14.4  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 24.7/20.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.3/77.6  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 5.4  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.3  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 85.8 Age group 20 to 45 years. 1993.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 15.5/3.8 Data refer to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 8409  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.4  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 97.6/104.2  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.3  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.4/0.5  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 8.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 30  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 1.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 2495/6.0  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1967.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 553 Luqa.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 14.9/22.3 Luqa.  
Trade Profile
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