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Summary statistics
Region Western Africa  
Currency CFA Franc (XOF)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 1240192  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 14854  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 12.0  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bamako (2037)  
United Nations membership date 28 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 10263  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 9400  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 5486  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 -1.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 690.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 672.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 459.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 657.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 642.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 441.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 16.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 21.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 15.4  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 497.16 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 490.91 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 556.04 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1190  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -438  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 142 Bamako.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 131 Bamako. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 112 Bamako.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 84 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 74 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 152  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 142  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 161  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 154  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 5.6 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. 2006. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 66.0 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. 2006. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 50.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 50.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 38.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 81.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 81.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 70.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 134  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 169  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ... UNSD estimate.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 25 UNSD estimate.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 22 UNSD estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 89.6  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 48.4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 5.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 2.2 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 1.9 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.5  
Exports (million US$) 2012 2610.4  
Imports (million US$) 2012 3462.7  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -852.3  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 South Africa (51.8), Switzerland (11.6), China (7.8)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Senegal (25.1), France (10.8), China (10.6)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.8  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9  
Urban population (%) 2013 36.2  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 47.4  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 4.7/3.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 101.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 54.7/54.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 86.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 6.9  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 8.2  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 195.6/1.3 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 368702  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 65.1/78.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 28.9  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.4/14.7 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 9.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 37  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 10.2  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 623/0.0  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 15.0 UNSD estimate.  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 991 Based on monthly averages for the period 1950-2000.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 21.3/35.0 Based on monthly averages for the period 1950-2000.  
Trade Profile
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