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Map
Mali
Summary statistics
Region Western Africa  
Currency CFA Franc (XOF)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 1240192  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 15840  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 12.8  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bamako (2037)  
United Nations membership date 28 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 10623  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 9400  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 5486  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 2.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 671.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 612.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 416.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 646.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 589.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 400.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 22.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 21.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 15.4  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 506.96 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 490.91 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 556.04 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1190  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -438  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 135 Bamako.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 131 Bamako. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 112 Bamako.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 82 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 74 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 143  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 141  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 150  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 152  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 16.5 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. 2004.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 41.5 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. 2004.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 36.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 36.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 36.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 70.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 69.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 68.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 160 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 169 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 143 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. Air arivals.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ... UNSD estimate.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 25 UNSD estimate. 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 22 UNSD estimate.  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 69.0  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 49.2  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 6.4  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 2.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 1.9  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 0.5  
Exports (million US$) 2011 1996.3 2010.  
Imports (million US$) 2011 4703.5 2010.  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -2707.2 2010.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 South Africa (57.1), Switzerland (12.1), Italy (6.0) 2010.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 Senegal (13.6), France (13.4), Benin (9.9) 2010.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.8  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9  
Urban population (%) 2012 35.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 47.2  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.1/2.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 53.1/50.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 92.2  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 6.1  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 8.2  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 162.7/1.2 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 18121  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 56.9/68.6  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 31.0  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.4/14.7 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 10.2  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 35  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 10.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 612/0.0  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 15.0 UNSD estimate.  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 991  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 21.3/35.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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