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Map
Malaysia
Summary statistics
Region South-Eastern Asia  
Currency Ringgit (MYR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 330803  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 29240 Includes Sabah and Sarawak.  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 88.4  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Kuala Lumpur (1556) Kuala Lumpur is the financial capital and Putrajaya is the administrative capital.  
United Nations membership date 17 September 1957  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 304726  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 247534  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 143534  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 5.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 10421.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 8754.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 5554.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 10022.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 8465.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 5309.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 25.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 22.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 22.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 3.06 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 3.08 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 3.78 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 18638  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 26998  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 19980  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 130  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 124  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 109 Series linked to former series.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 113 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 107 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 120  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 110  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 125  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 115  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 3.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 3.3  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 3.3 2006.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 28.4 Age group 15 to 64 years.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 27.6 Age group 15 to 64 years. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 29.7 Age group 15 to 64 years. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 12.6 Age group 15 to 64 years.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 13.3 Age group 15 to 64 years. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 14.6 Age group 15 to 64 years. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 44.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 44.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 44.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 75.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 75.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 77.6  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 25033 Includes Singapore residents crossing the frontier by road through Johore Causeway.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 24577 Includes Singapore residents crossing the frontier by road through Johore Causeway.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 16431 Includes Singapore residents crossing the frontier by road through Johore Causeway.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 86923 UNSD estimate.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 94786  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 140.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 119.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 74.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 65.8 Refers to total population.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 56.3 Refers to total population.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 48.6  
Exports (million US$) 2012 227449.5  
Imports (million US$) 2012 196196.6  
Balance (million US$) 2012 31252.9  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Singapore (13.6), China (12.6), Japan (11.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 China (15.2), Singapore (13.2), Japan (10.3)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6 Includes Sabah and Sarawak.  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5 Includes Sabah and Sarawak.  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -1.0 Includes Sabah and Sarawak.  
Urban population (%) 2013 74.2 Includes Sabah and Sarawak.  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 26.1 Includes Sabah and Sarawak.  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 8.3/8.7 Includes Sabah and Sarawak.  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 94.3 Includes Sabah and Sarawak.  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.3/72.7 Includes Sabah and Sarawak.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.1 Includes Sabah and Sarawak.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.0 Includes Sabah and Sarawak.  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 49.0 2004.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 2469.2/8.3 Includes Sabah and Sarawak. Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 225685  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 83.2/84.7 2005.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.5  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.0/3.3  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 10.4  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 1226  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 62.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 216627/7.6  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 2486.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2427 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.2/32.4 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Trade Profile
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