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Summary statistics
Region South-Eastern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 330290  
Population (est., 000) 30188 Including Sabah and Sarawak.  
Pop. density (per sq km) 91.5 Including Sabah and Sarawak.  
Capital city Kuala Lumpur Kuala Lumpur is the capital and Putrajaya is the administrative capital.  
Capital city pop. (000) 6629 Refers to the Greater Kuala Lumpur.  
Currency Ringgit (MYR)  
UN membership date 17 September 1957  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 312434  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 247534  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 143534  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 4.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 10513.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 8754.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 5554.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 10137.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 8465.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 5309.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 26.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 22.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 22.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 3.28 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 3.08 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 3.78 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 11732  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 26998  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 19980  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 133  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 124  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 109 Series linked to former series.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 110 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 ... ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 121  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 111  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 128  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 115  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 3.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 3.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 3.5  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 28.4 Population aged 15-64. 2012.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 27.6 Population aged 15-64. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 29.7 Population aged 15-64. ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 12.6 Population aged 15-64. 2012.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 13.3 Population aged 15-64. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 14.6 Population aged 15-64. ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 44.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 44.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 44.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 75.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 75.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 77.6  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 25715 Including Singapore residents crossing the frontier by road through Johore Causeway.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 24577 Including Singapore residents crossing the frontier by road through Johore Causeway.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 16431 Including Singapore residents crossing the frontier by road through Johore Causeway.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 3367 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 3449  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 3769  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 144.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 119.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 75.6  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 67.0 Refers to total population.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 56.3 Refers to total population.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 48.6  
Exports (million US$) 2013 228316.1  
Imports (million US$) 2013 205813.5  
Balance (million US$) 2013 22502.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Singapore (13.9), China (13.5), Japan (11.0)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 China (16.4), Singapore (12.4), Japan (8.7)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6 Including Sabah and Sarawak.  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7 Including Sabah and Sarawak.  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -1.2 Including Sabah and Sarawak.  
Urban population (%) 2014 74.0 Including Sabah and Sarawak.  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 25.7 Including Sabah and Sarawak.  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 8.7/8.9 Including Sabah and Sarawak.  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 94.4 Including Sabah and Sarawak.  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.3/72.7 Including Sabah and Sarawak.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.1 Including Sabah and Sarawak.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.0 Including Sabah and Sarawak.  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 49.0 Data refer to Peninsular Malaysia. 2004.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 2469.2/8.3 Including Sabah and Sarawak. Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 265559  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 5.9  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 83.2/84.7 2005.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 56.0  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 2.4  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 10.4  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 1236  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 61.7  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 8.0  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 100.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 96.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 225693/7.9  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 107.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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