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Map
Malaysia
Summary statistics
Region South-eastern Asia  
Currency Ringgit (MYR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 330803  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 28859 Includes Sabah and Sarawak.  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 87.2  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Kuala Lumpur (1556) Kuala Lumpur is the financial capital, Putrajaya is the administrative capital.  
United Nations membership date 17 September 1957  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 287934  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 246823  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 143534  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 5.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 9977.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 8691.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 5499.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 9728.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 8401.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 5257.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 22.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 22.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 22.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 3.18 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 3.08 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 3.78 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 32025  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 27291  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 19980  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 128 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 124  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 109 Series linked to former series.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 108 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 107 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 120  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 112  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 125  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 117  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 3.1  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 3.3  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 3.3 2006.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Age group 15 to 64 years.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 27.6 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Age group 15 to 64 years.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 29.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Age group 15 to 64 years.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Age group 15 to 64 years.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 13.3 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Age group 15 to 64 years.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 14.6 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Age group 15 to 64 years.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 43.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 43.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 44.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 76.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 77.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 79.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 24714 Includes residents of Singapore crossing the frontier by road through Johore Causeway.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 24577 Includes residents of Singapore crossing the frontier by road through Johore Causeway.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 16431 Includes residents of Singapore crossing the frontier by road through Johore Causeway.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 91705 2009. UNSD estimate.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 96488  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 141.7  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 135.3  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 91.6  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 61.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 56.3  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 48.6  
Exports (million US$) 2011 226992.7  
Imports (million US$) 2011 187573.0  
Balance (million US$) 2011 39419.7  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 China (13.1), Singapore (12.7), Japan (11.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 China (13.2), Singapore (12.8), Japan (11.4)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6 Includes Sabah and Sarawak.  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -1.0  
Urban population (%) 2012 73.5 Includes Sabah and Sarawak.  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 29.5 Includes Sabah and Sarawak.  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 8.5/8.1 Includes Sabah and Sarawak.  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 102.8 Includes Sabah and Sarawak.  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 76.9/72.5 Includes Sabah and Sarawak.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 6.9 Includes Sabah and Sarawak.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.6 Includes Sabah and Sarawak.  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 54.5 1994.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 2357.6/8.5 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 217618  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.3  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 84.5/81.3  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 55.6  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.0/3.3  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 10.4  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 1196  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 62.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 198186/7.1  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2477.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2427  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.2/32.4  
Trade Profile
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