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Map
Malawi
Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Currency Kwacha (MWK)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 118484  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 15381  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 129.8  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Lilongwe (772)  
United Nations membership date 1 December 1964  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 5966  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 5327  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2755  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 4.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 388.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 357.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 215.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 383.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 353.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 211.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 11.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 22.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.2  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 163.75 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 150.80 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 123.78 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -765  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -905  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -507  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 333  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 309  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 199  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 162  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 155  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 85  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 164  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 157  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 85  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 84.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 85.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 79.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 81.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 81.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 86.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 767 Departures.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 746 Departures.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 438 Departures.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 167 2009. UNSD estimate.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 145  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 26.2  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 21.9  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 4.1  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 3.3  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 2.3  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 0.4  
Exports (million US$) 2011 1425.3  
Imports (million US$) 2011 2427.7  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -1002.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Canada (8.8), Zimbabwe (8.6), South Africa (8.2)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 South Africa (25.0), India (11.5), China (9.3)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.2  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1  
Urban population (%) 2012 15.8  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 45.9  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.4/4.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 55.2/54.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 86.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 6.0  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 41.0  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 275.9/1.8 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 16853  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.7  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 92.7/91.2  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 39.2  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 8.7/63.3 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 22.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 163  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 34.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1059/0.1  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 30.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1289 Mzuzu.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 12.2/24.1 Mzuzu.  
Trade Profile
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