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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 118484  
Population (est., 000) 16829  
Pop. density (per sq km) 142.0  
Capital city Lilongwe  
Capital city pop. (000) 867  
Currency Malawi Kwacha (MWK)  
UN membership date 1 December 1964  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 5146  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 6960  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 3656  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 5.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 314.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 463.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 282.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 307.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 450.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 277.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 16.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 10.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 14.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 434.96 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 150.80 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 123.78 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -800 2012.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -786  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -507  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 513 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 309  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 199  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 187  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 155  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 85  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 193  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 157  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 85  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 7.6  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 84.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 85.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 79.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 81.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 81.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 86.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 770 Departures. 2012.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 746 Departures.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 438 Departures.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 86 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 85  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 80  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 32.3  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 20.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 3.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 5.4 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 2.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.4  
Exports (million US$) 2013 1208.0  
Imports (million US$) 2013 2844.6  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -1636.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Canada (11.5), Belgium (8.3), South Africa (7.6)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 South Africa (21.7), Mozambique (12.1), China (9.3)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.8  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7  
Urban population (%) 2014 16.1  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 45.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 5.4/4.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 100.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 55.2/54.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 86.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 46.1  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 206.6/1.3 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 19369  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 5.4  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 94.2/93.3  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 39.2  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 1.8  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 16.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 171  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 33.6  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 16.8  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 85.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 10.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 1206/0.1  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 6.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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