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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Currency Malagasy Ariary (MGA)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 587295  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 22294  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 38.0  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Antananarivo (1987)  
United Nations membership date 20 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 9968  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 8745  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 5039  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 2.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 0.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 447.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 414.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 275.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 438.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 410.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 295.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 17.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 20.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 22.2  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 2270.56 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 2146.12 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 2159.82 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -554  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 307  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 263  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 153  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 123  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 124  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 123  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 124  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 3.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Excludes mining and quarrying. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 80.4 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 86.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 87.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 84.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 90.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 91.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 89.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 256 Air arrivals of non-resident tourists.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 196 Air arrivals of non-resident tourists.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 277 Air arrivals of non-resident tourists.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 61  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 56  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 39.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 37.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 2.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 2.1 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 1.7 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.6 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 1224.5  
Imports (million US$) 2012 2659.0  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -1434.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 France (29.1), China (8.4), Germany (6.2)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 United Arab Emirates (14.6), China (14.3), Europe nes (7.5) See technical notes.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9  
Urban population (%) 2013 33.8  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 42.4  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 4.8/4.2  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 99.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 66.0/63.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 36.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 39.9  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 34.3/0.2 Data refer to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 11  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.7  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 85.3/87.4  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 48.0  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.1/13.1 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 23.1  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 873  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 21.5  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 2012/0.1  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 33.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1365 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 13.8/24.0 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Trade Profile
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