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Map
Madagascar
Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Currency Malagasy Ariary (MGA) Beginning 1 January 2005, the Malagasy Ariary replaced the Malagasy Franc, at a rate of 1 Ariary=5 Francs.  
Surface area (square kilometres) 587295  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 21315  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 36.3  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Antananarivo (1987)  
United Nations membership date 20 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 9844  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 8733  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 5039  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 1.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 0.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 462.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 422.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 282.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 457.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 417.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 267.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 14.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 18.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 22.2  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 2247.48 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 2146.12 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 2159.82 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -626  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 288  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 263  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 153  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 128  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 124  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 129  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 124  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 3.7 Excludes mining and quarrying. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 80.4 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 83.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 83.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 84.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 88.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 88.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 89.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 225 Air arrivals of non-resident tourists.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 196 Air arrivals of non-resident tourists.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 277 Air arrivals of non-resident tourists.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 64 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 56  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 38.9  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 37.9  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 3.4  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 1.9  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 1.7  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 0.6  
Exports (million US$) 2011 1471.5  
Imports (million US$) 2011 2957.1  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -1485.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 France (36.0), Singapore (6.9), Germany (6.3)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 United Arab Emirates (16.8), China (13.8), France (6.8)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9  
Urban population (%) 2012 33.2  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 42.4  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.1/4.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 99.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 68.6/65.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 41.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 39.9  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 37.8/0.2 Data refer to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 11  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 86.4/89.1 UNESCO estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 48.2  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.1/13.1 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 17.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 856  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 22.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1821/0.1  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 31.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1365  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 13.8/24.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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