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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Eastern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 587295  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 24916  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 42.8  
Capital city 2015 Antananarivo  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 2610  
Currency 2015 Malagasy Ariary (MGA)  
UN membership date 2013 20 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 10674  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 8733  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 5039  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 3.4  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 0.4  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 4.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 452.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 414.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 275.5  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 25.7  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 27.6  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 28.1  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 18.6  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 19.5  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 18.7  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 55.6  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 52.9  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 53.3  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 75.3 Persons aged 10 years and over. 2012.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 82.0 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Persons aged 6 years and over.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 7.9 Persons aged 10 years and over. 2012.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 3.4 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Persons aged 6 years and over.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 16.9 Persons aged 10 years and over. 2012.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 14.6 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Persons aged 6 years and over.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 1.8 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 3.8 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 2.6 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 83.9/89.1 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 87.2/91.0 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 84.2/89.2 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 344  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 263  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 153  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 119 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 124  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 119 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 124  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -622 2013.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -896  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -767  
Exports (million US$) 2015 2243.2 2014.  
Imports (million US$) 2015 3354.8 2014.  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -1111.6 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 France (23.5), United States (8.3), Netherlands (6.5) 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 United Arab Emirates (17.2), China (15.3), India (6.2) 2014.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.8  
Urban population (%) 2015 35.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 66.0/63.0  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 80  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 32.1/0.1 Refers to foreign citizens.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 222 Arrivals of non-resident tourists by air.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 19  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 37  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 3.0 Data revision.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 2.1 2013.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 146.5/147.0  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 38.1/38.8  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 4.1/4.4 2013.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 20.5  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 38.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 3.7 Estimate.  
Threatened species 2015 965  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 21.5 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 3077/0.2  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 127  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 7.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 2.0  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 81.6/35.3  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 18.0/8.7  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 5.7  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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