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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 587295  
Population (est., 000) 23572  
Pop. density (per sq km) 40.2  
Capital city Antananarivo  
Capital city pop. (000) 2487  
Currency Malagasy Ariary (MGA)  
UN membership date 20 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 10612  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 8745  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 5039  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 2.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 0.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 462.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 414.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 275.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 448.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 410.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 295.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 15.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 20.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 22.2  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 2236.09 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 2146.12 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 2159.82 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -554  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 325  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 263  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 153  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 119  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 124  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 119  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 124  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 3.6  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 3.6  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 2.6  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 3.7 ISIC Rev.2. Excluding mining and quarrying.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 80.4 ISIC Rev.2.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 86.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 87.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 84.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 90.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 91.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 89.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 196 Arrivals of non-resident tourists by air.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 196 Arrivals of non-resident tourists by air.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 277 Arrivals of non-resident tourists by air.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 124 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 124  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 104  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 36.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 36.6  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 2.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 2.2 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 1.7 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.6 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 1838.0  
Imports (million US$) 2013 3085.4  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -1247.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 France (25.0), United States (7.3), China (7.1)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 United Arab Emirates (21.4), China (14.6), France (5.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.8  
Urban population (%) 2014 34.5  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 42.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 4.9/4.3  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 99.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 66.0/63.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 36.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 39.9  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 34.3/0.2 Refers to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 14  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 2.7  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 85.5/87.1  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 48.0  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 11.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 20.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 929  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 21.4  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 2.0  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 50.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 14.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 2450/0.1  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 7.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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