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Summary statistics
Region South-Eastern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 676577  
Population (est., 000) 53719  
Pop. density (per sq km) 79.4  
Capital city Nay Pyi Taw  
Capital city pop. (000) 1016  
Currency Kyat (MMK)  
UN membership date 19 April 1948  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 63031  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 41518  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 11931  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 7.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 10.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 13.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 1183.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 799.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 237.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 1183.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 799.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 237.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 35.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 22.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 12.7  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 988.00 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 5.58 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 5.99 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -1128  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 1574  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 582  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 166 Index base 2006=100. 2012.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 156 Index base 2006=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 297  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 132  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 135  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 131  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 135  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 3.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 3.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 3.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 75.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 75.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 74.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 82.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 82.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 81.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 2044  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 792  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 660  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 990 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 959  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 927  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 12.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 1.1 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 0.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 1.2 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 0.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.1  
Exports (million US$) 2013 7625.2 2010.  
Imports (million US$) 2013 4164.3 2010.  
Balance (million US$) 2013 3460.9 2010.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Thailand (41.7), China, Hong Kong SAR (21.1), India (12.6) 2010.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 China (27.1), Singapore (27.0), Thailand (11.4) 2010.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 <  
Urban population (%) 2014 33.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 24.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 9.5/7.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 94.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 67.1/63.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 48.9  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.0  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 46.0  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 103.1/0.2 Refers to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 1184001 Stateless persons population refers to persons without citizenship in Rakhine State only.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 0.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 78.8/78.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 55.3  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 15.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 6.2  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 285  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 47.7  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 4.1  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 86.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 77.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 10440/0.2  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 13.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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