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Map
Myanmar
Summary statistics
Region South-eastern Asia  
Currency Kyat (MMK)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 676578  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 48337  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 71.4  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Nay Pyi Taw (1060)  
United Nations membership date 19 April 1948  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 55320  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 42207  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 11931  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 5.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 10.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 13.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 1144.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 880.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 258.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 1144.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 880.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 258.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 19.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 22.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 12.7  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 5.62 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 5.58 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 5.99 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 1511  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 582  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 164 Index base 2006=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 156 Index base 2006=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 297  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 138  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 131  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 138  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 131  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 75.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 75.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 74.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 82.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 82.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 81.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 391 Includes tourist arrivals through border entry points to Yangon.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 311 Includes tourist arrivals through border entry points to Yangon.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 232 Includes tourist arrivals through border entry points to Yangon.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 13005 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 14235  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 3.7  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 2.3  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 1.4  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 1.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 0.3  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 0.1  
Exports (million US$) 2011 7625.2 2010.  
Imports (million US$) 2011 4164.3 2010.  
Balance (million US$) 2011 3460.9 2010.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Thailand (41.7), China, Hong Kong SAR (21.1), India (12.6) 2010.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 China (27.1), Singapore (27.0), Thailand (11.4) 2010.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.1  
Urban population (%) 2012 33.2  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 24.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 9.1/7.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 67.9/64.1  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 44.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 41.0  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 88.7/0.2 Data refer to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 1147275  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 0.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 86.4/84.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 57.5  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.1/17.4 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 6.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 271  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 48.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 11084/0.2  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 98.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2681 Yangon.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 22.6/32.3 Yangon.  
Trade Profile
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