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Countries and areas

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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Western Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 1240192  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 18135  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 14.9  
Capital city 2015 Bamako  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 2515  
Currency 2015 CFA Franc (XOF)  
UN membership date 2013 28 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 11979  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 9400  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 5486  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 7.2  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 5.8  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 6.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 701.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 619.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 425.9  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 39.5  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 40.5  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 37.5  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 22.3  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 20.1  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 24.0  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 38.2  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 39.4  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 38.5  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 66.0 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. 2006.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 41.5 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2004.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 5.6 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. 2006.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 16.5 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2004.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 28.3 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. 2006.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 41.9 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2004.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 8.2 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.3 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 9.6 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 49.8/82.2 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 50.3/81.4 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 38.3/70.1 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 142 Bamako.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 131 Bamako. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 112 Bamako.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 141 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 142  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 150 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 154  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 91 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Country data supplemented with data from the Observatoire Economique et Statistique d’Afrique Subsaharienne (Afristat).  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 74 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Country data supplemented with data from the Observatoire Economique et Statistique d’Afrique Subsaharienne (Afristat).  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Country data supplemented with data from the Observatoire Economique et Statistique d’Afrique Subsaharienne (Afristat).  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -375 2013.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1190  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -438 Break in the time series.  
Exports (million US$) 2015 2610.4 2012.  
Imports (million US$) 2015 3462.7 2012.  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -852.3 2012.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 South Africa (51.8), Switzerland (11.6), China (7.8) 2012.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 Senegal (25.1), France (10.8), China (10.6) 2012.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0  
Urban population (%) 2015 39.9  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 5.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 6.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 57.0/57.4  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 100  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 363.1/2.1 Including refugees.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 168  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 148309  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 84  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 6.9  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 4.4  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 73.0/81.2  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 37.4/49.4  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 4.1/9.6 2012.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 10.2 2012.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 8.8  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 149.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 7.0 Estimate.  
Threatened species 2015 39  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 4.0 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 1027/0.1  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 53  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 4.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 8.4  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 96.5/64.1  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 37.6/16.1  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 10.7  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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