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Summary statistics
Region Southern Asia  
Currency Rufiyaa (MVR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 300  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 338  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 1128.1  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Male (132)  
United Nations membership date 21 September 1965  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 2606  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 2335  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1091  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 13.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 -9.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 7699.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 7169.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 3665.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 6503.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 6143.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 3434.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 24.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 26.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 34.5  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 15.36 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 12.80 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 12.80 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -600  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -196  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -273  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 184 Male. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 146 Male.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 107 Male. Series linked to former series.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 88  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 81  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 89  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 88  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 81  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 89  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 24.3 2006. Population census. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Excludes conscripts. Break in series; data not strictly comparable. 
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 11.5 2006. Population census. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Excludes conscripts. Break in series; data not strictly comparable. 
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 55.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 55.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 50.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 77.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 76.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 74.6  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 958 Air arrivals.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 792 Air arrivals.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 395 Air arrivals.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 172.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 156.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 69.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 38.9 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 26.5 Age group 15 years and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 6.9 Country estimate. Excludes mobile Internet users.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 161.6  
Imports (million US$) 2012 1554.5  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -1392.9  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Thailand (27.4), France (16.5), Italy (7.7)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 United Arab Emirates (29.9), Singapore (18.1), India (9.5)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.9  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.7  
Urban population (%) 2013 43.5  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 28.7  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 6.4/7.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 101.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 78.8/76.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 10.4  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.3  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 34.7  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 84.2/24.4 Data refer to foreign citizens.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 102.4/100.7 UNESCO estimate. 2004.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 52.5  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 </1.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 6.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 69  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 3.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 1074/3.4  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 1132.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1901 Based on monthly averages for the period 1981-2000.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 25.8/30.6 Based on monthly averages for the period 1981-2000.  
Trade Profile
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