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Countries and areas

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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Southern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 300  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 370  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 1232.7  
Capital city 2015 Male  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 156 2014.  
Currency 2015 Rufiyaa (MVR)  
UN membership date 2013 21 September 1965  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 3032  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 2332  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1120  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 8.5  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 7.1  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 -8.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 8483.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 7013.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 3671.9  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 3.5 At producers' prices. Includes mining and quarrying.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 4.1 At producers' prices. Includes mining and quarrying.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 7.5 At producers' prices. Includes mining and quarrying.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 18.1 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 14.9 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 14.8 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 78.4 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 81.0 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 77.7 At producers' prices.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 14.6 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Nonstandard reference group coverage. Nonstandard geographical coverage.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 17.3 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. 2003.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 15.7 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Nonstandard reference group coverage. Nonstandard geographical coverage.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 23.4 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. 2003.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 67.0 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Nonstandard reference group coverage. Nonstandard geographical coverage.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 56.7 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. 2003.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 11.6 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 11.7 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 13.4 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 57.0/78.4 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 55.2/76.3 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 50.4/74.5 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 196 Male.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 146 Male.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 107 Male. Series linked to former series.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 64 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 72  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 89  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 64 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 72  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 89  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -125  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -196  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -273  
Exports (million US$) 2015 144.2  
Imports (million US$) 2015 1913.8  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -1769.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Thailand (25.5), Sri Lanka (12.0), France (10.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 United Arab Emirates (21.4), Singapore (14.7), India (11.0)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.8  
Urban population (%) 2015 45.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.2  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 77.4/75.4  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 47  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 94.1/25.9 Including refugees. Refers to foreign citizens.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 1205 Arrivals by air.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 9  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 13.7  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 5.2 2012.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 0.9 2013.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 5.9  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 189.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 49.3 Estimate.  
Threatened species 2015 69  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 3.3 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 1049/3.0  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 0  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 43.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 0.1  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 99.5/97.9  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 97.5/98.3  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 1.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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