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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Currency Malawi Kwacha (MWK)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 118484  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 15906  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 134.3  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Lilongwe (772)  
United Nations membership date 1 December 1964  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 5653  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 6753  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 3406  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 1.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 355.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 449.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 263.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 350.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 439.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 258.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 6.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 10.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 15.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 335.13 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 150.80 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 123.78 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -800  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -786  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -507  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 403  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 309  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 199  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 171  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 155  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 85  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 171  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 157  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 85  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 84.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 85.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 79.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 81.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 81.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 86.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 767 Departures. 2011.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 746 Departures.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 438 Departures.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 188 UNSD estimate.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 145  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 27.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 20.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 3.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 4.4 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 2.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.4  
Exports (million US$) 2012 1425.3 2011.  
Imports (million US$) 2012 2427.7 2011.  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -1002.4 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Canada (8.8), Zimbabwe (8.6), South Africa (8.2) 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 South Africa (25.0), India (11.5), China (9.3) 2011.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.2  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1  
Urban population (%) 2013 16.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 45.3  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 5.4/4.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 100.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 55.2/54.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 86.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 46.1  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 206.6/1.3 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 18432  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.4  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 92.6/91.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 39.2  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 8.7/63.3 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 22.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 170  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 34.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 1238/0.1  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 34.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1289 Mzuzu. Based on WMO Climatological Normals (CLINO) for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 12.2/24.1 Mzuzu. Based on WMO Climatological Normals (CLINO) for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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