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Summary statistics
Region Western Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 2586  
Population (est., 000) 537  
Pop. density (per sq km) 207.6  
Capital city Luxembourg  
Capital city pop. (000) 107  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
UN membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 60131  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 52144  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 37024  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 2.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 113373.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 102668.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 80864.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 72004.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 67088.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 71332.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 16.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 16.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.6  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 0.73 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 3161  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 4090  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 4406  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 135  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 125  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 112 Series linked to former series.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 95 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 113 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 94  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 93  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 94  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 93  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 5.9  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 4.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 4.5  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 12.4 2012.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 12.6  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 17.2 ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 1.3 2012.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 1.0  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 1.8 ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 50.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 48.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 45.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 64.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 65.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 64.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 945 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 805 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 913 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 5 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 5  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 148.6  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 143.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 111.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 93.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 90.6  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 70.0  
Exports (million US$) 2013 13753.5  
Imports (million US$) 2013 23895.9  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -10142.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Germany (27.8), France (14.7), Belgium (13.3)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Belgium (24.6), Germany (23.5), France (12.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -1.7  
Urban population (%) 2014 89.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 17.4  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 21.2/17.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 99.2  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.0/77.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 2.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.7  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 229.4/43.3  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 1960  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 3.8 2001.  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 99.5/97.4  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 52.1  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 0.8  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 28.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 9  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 33.5  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 34.6  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 100.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 100.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 10832/21.0  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 329.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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