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Summary statistics
Region Western Europe  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 2586  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 524  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 202.5  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Luxembourg (94)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 55143  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 52053  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 37643  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 -0.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 105287.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 102490.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 82217.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 71739.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 70828.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 70605.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 18.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 16.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 22.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 0.76 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 3608  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 4090  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 4406  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 133  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 125  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 112 Series linked to former series.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 83  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 89  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 90  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 93  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 90  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 93  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 5.1 Age group 15 to 74 years. 2007: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 4.4 Age group 15 to 74 years. 2007: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 4.5 Age group 15 to 74 years. 2007: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 12.4 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 12.6 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 17.2 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 1.3 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 1.0 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 1.8 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 50.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 48.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 45.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 64.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 65.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 64.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 905 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 805 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 913 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 133  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 82  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 145.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 143.3  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 111.6  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 92.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 90.6 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 70.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 13691.9  
Imports (million US$) 2012 24011.0  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -10319.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Germany (27.4), France (14.7), Belgium (12.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Belgium (24.5), Germany (22.8), France (12.8)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.2  
Urban population (%) 2013 85.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 17.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 21.1/17.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 99.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.0/77.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 2.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.7  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 229.4/43.3  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 4091 Refugee population refers to the end of 2012.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.7 2001.  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 100.3/97.7  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 51.9  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.8/2.0  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 28.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 9  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 33.5  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 10820/21.3  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 8556.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 876 Based on WMO Climatological Normals (CLINO) for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 4.7/12.3 Based on WMO Climatological Normals (CLINO) for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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