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Summary statistics
Region Northern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 1759540  
Population (est., 000) 6253  
Pop. density (per sq km) 3.6  
Capital city Tripoli  
Capital city pop. (000) 1126  
Currency Libyan Dinar (LYD)  
UN membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 74597  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 80942  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 45451  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 -16.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 4.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 10.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 12028.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 13399.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 8124.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 11956.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 13319.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 8072.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 31.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 40.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 27.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 1.25 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1.25 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1.35 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -108  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 16801  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 14945  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 111  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 110  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 111  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 110  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 19.6  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 18.8  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 19.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 30.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 29.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 29.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 76.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 76.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 75.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 ... Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 34 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. 2008.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 81 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 3590 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 4295  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 4062  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 165.0 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 180.5 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 35.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 16.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 14.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 3.9 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 36440.4 2010.  
Imports (million US$) 2013 17674.4 2010.  
Balance (million US$) 2013 18766.0 2010.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Italy (42.3), France (15.5), China (9.4) 2010.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Turkey (10.6), Europe nes (10.0), China (9.8) 2010. See technical notes.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1  
Urban population (%) 2014 78.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 29.4  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 7.6/7.1  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 98.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.2/73.4  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 13.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 41.9  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 756.0/12.2 Refers to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 108594 Refugee and asylum-seeker population refers to the end of 2013.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 2.7 1999.  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 112.5/106.0 2006.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 51.4 UNESCO estimate. 2003.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 1.7  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 16.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 49  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 <  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 0.3  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 97.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 39021/6.4  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 116.0  
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