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Summary statistics
Region Northern Africa  
Currency Libyan Dinar (LYD)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 1759540  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 6423  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 3.7  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Tripoli (1127)  
United Nations membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 31373  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 71654  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 45451  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 -61.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 4.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 10.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 4885.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 11275.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 7878.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 4855.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 11207.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 7827.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 13.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 9.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 8.6  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 1.26 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1.25 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1.35 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 16801  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 14945  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 110  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 110  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 111  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 110  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 30.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 30.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 30.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 76.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 76.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 75.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 ... Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 34 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. 2008.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 81 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 87287 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 94019  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 171.3  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 190.9  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 49.4  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 17.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 14.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 3.9  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -<  
Urban population (%) 2012 77.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 30.9  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.0/6.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 99.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.9/72.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 13.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 45.2 1995.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 682.5/10.4 Data refer to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 713587  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.7 1999.  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 115.6/109.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 51.4 UNESCO estimate. 2003.  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.5/5.2 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 48  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 <  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 62823/10.0  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2920.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 334  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 15.6/25.4  
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