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Summary statistics
Region Southern Africa  
Currency Loti (LSL)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 30355  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 2052  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 67.6  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Maseru (239)  
United Nations membership date 17 October 1966  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 2443  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 2204  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1368  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 4.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 1190.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1097.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 710.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 1444.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1305.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 967.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 30.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 27.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 21.1  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 8.50 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 6.63 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 6.32 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -587  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -405  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -27  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 220  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 198 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 140  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 99  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 110  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 111  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 58.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 58.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 61.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 73.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 73.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 75.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 422  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 414  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 347 2006.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 60 UNSD estimate.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 40  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 59.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 45.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 12.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 4.6 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 3.9 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 2.6 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 628.1 2009.  
Imports (million US$) 2012 1356.1 2009.  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -728.0 2009.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 South Africa (48.9), United States (31.8), Canada (15.1) 2009.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 South Africa (95.2), Japan (2.5), Germany (1.1) 2009.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 <  
Urban population (%) 2013 29.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 36.4  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 7.6/5.1  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 97.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 49.6/49.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 60.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.1  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 47.0  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 3.1/0.2 Data refer to foreign citizens. Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 37  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 13.0  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 88.7/83.1 UNESCO estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 59.4  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 9.9/36.6 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 26.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 16  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 1.5  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 18/0.0  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 39.0 UNSD estimate.  
Trade Profile
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