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Map
Lesotho
Summary statistics
Region Southern Africa  
Currency Loti (LSL)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 30355  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 2194  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 72.3  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Maseru (239)  
United Nations membership date 17 October 1966  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 2443  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 2179  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1368  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 4.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 1114.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1004.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 662.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 1447.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1249.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 902.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 36.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 28.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 21.1  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 8.14 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 6.63 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 6.33 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -421  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -17  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 208  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 198 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 140  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 107  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 110  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 107  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 111  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 58.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 58.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 61.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 73.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 73.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 75.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 397  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 414  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 347 2006.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 17 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 30  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 49.5  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 47.3  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 14.4  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 4.2  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 3.9  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 2.6  
Exports (million US$) 2011 628.1 2009.  
Imports (million US$) 2011 1356.1 2009.  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -728.0 2009.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 South Africa (48.9), United States (31.8), Canada (15.1) 2009.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 South Africa (95.2), Japan (2.5), Germany (1.1) 2009.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 <  
Urban population (%) 2012 28.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 36.6  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.5/5.1  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 48.1/49.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 62.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.1  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 47.0  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 6.3/0.3 Data refer to foreign citizens. Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 37  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 13.0  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 82.1/77.4  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 55.2  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 9.9/36.6 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 25.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 16  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 1.0  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 8.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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