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Summary statistics
Region Southern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 30355  
Population (est., 000) 2098  
Pop. density (per sq km) 69.1  
Capital city Maseru  
Capital city pop. (000) 267  
Currency Loti (LSL)  
UN membership date 17 October 1966  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 2230  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 2176  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1368  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 5.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 1074.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1083.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 710.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 1294.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1305.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 967.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 27.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 25.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 21.1  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 10.49 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 6.63 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 6.32 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -77  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -405  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -27  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 231  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 198 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 140  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 111  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 110  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 112  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 111  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 24.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 24.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 36.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 59.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 58.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 61.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 73.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 73.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 75.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 433 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 426 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 304 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 21 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 21  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 20  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 86.3  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 49.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 13.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 5.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 3.9 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 2.6 ITU estimate.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4  
Urban population (%) 2014 26.8  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 36.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 7.6/5.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 97.7  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 49.6/49.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 60.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.1  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 47.0  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 3.1/0.2 Refers to foreign citizens. Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 39  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 13.0  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 89.6/83.6  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 59.4  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 38.0  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 26.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 17  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 1.5  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 0.5  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 81.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 30.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 2200/1.1  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 23.0 UNSD estimate.  
Trade Profile
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