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Lao People's Democratic Republic

Summary statistics
Region South-eastern Asia  
Currency Kip (LAK)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 236800  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 6288  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 26.6  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Vientiane (810)  
United Nations membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 8196  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 6744  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2717  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 8.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 8.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 1303.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1088.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 472.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 1247.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1040.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 461.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 33.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 30.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 34.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 8023.24 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 8058.78 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 10743.00 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 29  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -174  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 223 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 208  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 163 Series linked to former series.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 140  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 131  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 141  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 131  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 76.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 76.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 77.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 79.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 79.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 80.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 1786  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1670  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 672  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 721 2009. UNSD estimate.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 615  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 88.9  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 66.2  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 13.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 9.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 7.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 0.9  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.4  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.4  
Urban population (%) 2012 35.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 32.9  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 6.7/5.5  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 99.8  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 69.4/66.4  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 36.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 38.0 2005.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 18.9/0.3 Data refer to foreign citizens. Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 0 Value is zero, not available or not applicable.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.3  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 74.0/81.7  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 41.8  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.0/6.3 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 25.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 195  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 68.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1810/0.3  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 109.0 UNSD estimate.  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1661  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 21.8/31.1  
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