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Summary statistics
Region Northern Europe  
Currency Litas (LTL)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 65300  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 3028  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 46.4  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Vilnius (546)  
United Nations membership date 17 September 1991  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 42339  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 36709  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 26100  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 3.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 1.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 7.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 13984.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 11963.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 7940.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 13535.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 11722.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 7820.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 16.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 16.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 22.9  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 2.61 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 2.61 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 2.91 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -100  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 15  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1831  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 144  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 134  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 104 Series linked to former series.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 114  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 103  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 121  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 99  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 106  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 121  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 106  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 13.4 Age group 15 to 74 years. 2007: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 17.8 Age group 15 to 74 years. 2007: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 8.3 Age group 15 to 74 years. 2007: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 24.8 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 24.4 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 29.1 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Excludes conscripts.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 8.9 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 9.0 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 14.0 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Excludes conscripts.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 55.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 54.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 51.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 66.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 64.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 63.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 1900  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1507  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 2000  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 359  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 1252  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 151.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 147.2 Active mobile subscriptions.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 127.5 Active mobile subscriptions.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 68.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 62.1 Age group 16 to 74 years using the Internet within the last 12 months.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 36.2 Age group 16 to 74 years using the Internet within the last 12 months.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 29652.7  
Imports (million US$) 2012 32237.6  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -2584.9  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Russian Federation (18.9), Latvia (10.9), Estonia (7.8)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Russian Federation (32.3), Germany (9.8), Poland (9.7)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.3  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.8  
Urban population (%) 2013 67.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 15.2  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 25.3/15.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 85.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 78.1/66.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 5.4  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 50.7 Age group 18 to 49 years. 1994-1995.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 147.8/4.9  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 4937  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.4  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 103.4/106.2  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 59.0  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.6/12.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 24.1  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 23  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 34.6  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 13549/4.1  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 1832.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 683 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 2.4/10.1 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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