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Summary statistics
Region Western Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 10452  
Population (est., 000) 4966  
Pop. density (per sq km) 477.5  
Capital city Beirut  
Capital city pop. (000) 2179 Excluding Syrian refugees.  
Currency Lebanese Pound (LBP)  
UN membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 47221  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 38420  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 21490  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 3.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 8.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 9792.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 8850.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 5390.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 9511.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 8819.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 5518.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 27.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 25.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 22.2  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 1507.50 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1507.50 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1507.50 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -10983  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -7552  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -2748  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 124 Index base 2008=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 105 Index base 2008=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 105 Beirut.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 97  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 95  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 94  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 6.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 6.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 8.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 23.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 22.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 20.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 70.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 70.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 70.6  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 1274  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2168  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1140  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 9 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 9  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 10  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 80.6  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 66.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 24.9 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 70.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 43.7 ITU estimate. Population aged 15 and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 10.1 Population aged 6 and over.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 3937.1  
Imports (million US$) 2013 21234.2  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -17297.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Syria (13.3), South Africa (10.1), Saudi Arabia (8.8)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 China (10.8), Italy (8.4), France (7.2)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.2  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Urban population (%) 2014 87.7  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 20.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 12.5/12.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 103.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.1/77.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 8.4  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 58.0 2004.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 849.7/17.6 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 1122874  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 2.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 90.0/94.3  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 54.3  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 2.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 3.1  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 64  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 13.4  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 0.9  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 100.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 20488/4.6  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 63.0  
Trade Profile
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