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Map
Latvia
Summary statistics
Region Northern Europe  
Currency Lats (LVL)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 64562  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 2243  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 34.7  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Riga (701)  
United Nations membership date 17 September 1991  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 28480  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 24099  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 15938  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 5.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -0.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 10.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 12697.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 10701.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 6913.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 12764.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 10914.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 6825.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 21.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 18.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 31.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 0.54 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.54 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.59 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -685  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 724  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1992  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 176  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 169  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 122  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 107  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 98  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 109  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 109  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 105  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 109  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 109  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 105  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 15.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 18.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 8.9  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 23.3 Age group 15 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 24.0 Age group 15 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 25.8 Age group 15 to 74 years. Excludes conscripts. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 9.5 Age group 15 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 8.8 Age group 15 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 12.1 Age group 15 to 74 years. Excludes conscripts. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 55.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 54.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 50.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 67.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 66.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 66.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 1493 Non-resident departures.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1373 Non-resident departures.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1116 Non-resident departures.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 356 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 294  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 126.0  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 126.0  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 112.9  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 71.7  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 68.4  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 46.0  
Exports (million US$) 2011 11988.2  
Imports (million US$) 2011 15430.8  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -3442.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Lithuania (18.1), Estonia (13.6), Russian Federation (10.6)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 Lithuania (18.8), Germany (12.1), Russian Federation (8.5)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.4  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.4  
Urban population (%) 2012 67.7  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 14.2  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 28.0/17.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 85.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 78.5/68.8  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 6.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 67.8 Age group 18 to 49 years. 1995.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 335.0/15.0  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 312688  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 96.7/98.3  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 62.8  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 4.9/12.3  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 23.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 25  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 54.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 6647/2.9  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1327.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 633  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 2.3/9.9  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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