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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Northern Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 64573  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 1956  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 31.4  
Capital city 2015 Riga  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 621  
Currency 2015 Euro (EUR)  
UN membership date 2013 17 September 1991  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 31286  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 23743  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 16903  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 2.4  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 -3.8  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 10.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 15726.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 11357.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 7588.1  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 3.3 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 4.4 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 4.3 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 23.4 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 23.8 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 22.9 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 73.4 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 71.8 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 72.8 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 7.3  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 8.3  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 11.6 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 24.1  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 23.4  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 26.7 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 68.6  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 68.3  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 61.4 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 10.8 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 19.5 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 10.0 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 54.2/67.5 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 53.8/65.4 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 50.9/66.3 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 181  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 169  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 122  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 117 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 109  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 105  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 118 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 109  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 105  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 111 Excluding water and waste management.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 98 Excluding water and waste management.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100 Excluding water and waste management.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -629  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 563  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1988  
Exports (million US$) 2015 11500.4  
Imports (million US$) 2015 13846.1  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -2345.7  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Lithuania (19.0), Estonia (11.7), Russian Federation (8.0)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 Lithuania (17.5), Germany (11.4), Poland (11.1)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -1.2  
Urban population (%) 2015 67.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 78.7/68.9  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 52  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 263.1/13.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 1843 Non-resident departures. Survey of persons crossing the state border.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 263168 The figure of stateless persons includes persons covered by two separate Laws; Law on Stateless Persons dated 17 February 2004 and the Law on the Status of Those Former USSR Citizens who are not Citizens of Latvia or of Any Other State.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 6  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 5.9  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 3.6 2012.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 4.9 2013.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 100.0/100.8  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 114.0/116.6  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 79.2/55.5  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 3.9  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 18.0  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 124.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 75.8 Population age 16-74.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 56.0  
Threatened species 2015 25  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 54.0 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 7081/3.5  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 90  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 91.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 17.8  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 99.8/98.3  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 90.8/81.5  
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) 2014 0.1  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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