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Summary statistics
Region Northern Europe  
Currency Lats (LVL)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 64562  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 2060  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 31.9  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Riga (701)  
United Nations membership date 17 September 1991  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 28379  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 24099  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 15938  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 5.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -1.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 10.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 13773.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 11528.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 7154.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 13755.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 11757.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 7063.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 22.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 18.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 31.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 0.53 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.54 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.59 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -702  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 724  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1992  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 180  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 169  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 122  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 113  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 98  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 128  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 109  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 105  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 128  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 109  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 105  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 15.1 Age group 15 to 74 years. 2011: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 18.7 Age group 15 to 74 years. 2011: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 8.9 Age group 15 to 74 years. 2011: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 23.5 Age group 15 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 24.0 Age group 15 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 25.8 Age group 15 to 74 years. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Excludes conscripts.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 8.4 Age group 15 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 8.8 Age group 15 to 74 years. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 12.1 Age group 15 to 74 years. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Excludes conscripts.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 54.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 53.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 50.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 67.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 65.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 66.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 1435 Non-resident departures.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1373 Non-resident departures.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1116 Non-resident departures.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 358  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 294  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 103.4 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 102.4 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 81.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 74.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 68.4 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 46.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 12685.5  
Imports (million US$) 2012 16082.4  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -3396.9  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Lithuania (16.0), Estonia (13.0), Russian Federation (11.4)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Lithuania (19.9), Germany (11.5), Russian Federation (9.4)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.4  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.4  
Urban population (%) 2013 67.7  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 14.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 29.3/18.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 84.2  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.5/66.6  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 7.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.6  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 67.8 Age group 18 to 49 years. 1995.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 282.9/13.8  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 281066  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.0  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 100.5/102.6  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 61.1  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 4.9/12.3  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 25.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 25  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 54.1  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 7610/3.4  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 1429.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 633  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 2.3/9.9  
Trade Profile
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