Find UNdata on Facebook Follow UNdata on Twitter Please send us your feedback

Countries and areas

Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Virgin Islands Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cabo Verde Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China China, Hong Kong SAR China, Macao SAR Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Faeroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova Réunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Helena Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka State of Palestine Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Republic of Tanzania United States of America United States Virgin Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
Summary statistics
Region Northern Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 64562  
Population (est., 000) 2041  
Pop. density (per sq km) 31.6  
Capital city Riga  
Capital city pop. (000) 629  
Currency Lats (LVL)  
UN membership date 17 September 1991  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 30886  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 23867  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 17091  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 4.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -2.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 10.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 15064.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 11417.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 7672.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 15097.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 11659.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 7130.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 23.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 31.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 0.52 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.54 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.59 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -250  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 724  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1992  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 180  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 169  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 122  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 115 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 102 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 117  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 109  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 105  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 118  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 109  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 105  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 11.1  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 18.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 8.9  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 23.5 Population aged 15-74. 2012. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 24.0 Population aged 15-74.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 25.8 Population aged 15-74. ISIC Rev.3. Excluding conscripts.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 8.4 Population aged 15-74. 2012. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 8.8 Population aged 15-74.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 12.1 Population aged 15-74. ISIC Rev.3. Excluding conscripts.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 54.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 53.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 50.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 67.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 65.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 66.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 1536 Non-resident departures.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1373 Non-resident departures.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1116 Non-resident departures.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 98 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 89  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 78  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 136.6 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 110.3 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 84.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 75.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 68.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 46.0  
Exports (million US$) 2013 13324.7  
Imports (million US$) 2013 16778.9  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -3454.2  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Lithuania (17.2), Estonia (12.7), Russian Federation (11.6)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Lithuania (20.4), Germany (11.6), Poland (9.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.4  
Urban population (%) 2014 67.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 15.2  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 29.5/18.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 84.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.5/66.6  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 7.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.6  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 67.8 Age group 18 to 49 years. 1995.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 282.9/13.8  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 254250  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 4.9  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 99.1/101.2  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 59.6  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 4.7  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 18.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 25  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 54.3  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 17.8  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 98.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 7800/3.8  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 90.0  
Trade Profile
Copyright © 2016 - Conditions of Use
United Nations Statistics Division
Version v0.14.6 Beta