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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Central Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 199949  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 6034  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 31.5  
Capital city 2015 Bishkek  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 865  
Currency 2015 Som (KGS)  
UN membership date 2013 2 March 1992  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 7404  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 4794  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2460  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 3.6  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 -0.5  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 -0.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 1267.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 877.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 480.9  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 16.6 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 18.8 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 31.3 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 25.8 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 28.2 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 22.1 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 57.6 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 53.0 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 46.6 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 31.7 Break in the time series. 2013.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 34.0 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2008.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 38.5 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 20.2 Break in the time series. 2013.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 20.6 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2008.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 17.6 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 48.1 Break in the time series. 2013.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 45.3 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2008.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 43.9 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 8.2 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.6 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 8.1 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 49.2/76.8 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 52.2/76.6 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 54.1/76.1 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 ...  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 ...  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 122  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 112 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 105  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 114 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 107  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 69 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -1788  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -317  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -62  
Exports (million US$) 2015 1441.5  
Imports (million US$) 2015 4068.1  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -2626.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Switzerland (39.0), Kazakhstan (15.8), Russian Federation (10.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 Russian Federation (31.3), China (25.3), Kazakhstan (16.7)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7  
Urban population (%) 2015 35.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 74.3/66.4  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 55  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 204.4/3.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 2849 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 14279  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 20  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 6.5  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 2.0  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 6.8 2013.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 107.0/108.3  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 91.2/90.4  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 52.1/39.9  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 3.7  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 19.2  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 134.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 28.3 Estimate.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 23.0  
Threatened species 2015 41  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 3.4 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 9842/1.7  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 74  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 29.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 6.9  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 96.7/86.2  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 89.2/95.6  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 8.7  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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