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Summary statistics
Region Central Asia  
Currency Som (KGS)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 199949  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 5474  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 27.4  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bishkek (839)  
United Nations membership date 2 March 1992  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 6475  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 4794  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2460  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 -0.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -0.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 -0.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 1182.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 898.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 487.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 1081.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 834.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 471.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 28.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 28.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 16.2  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 47.40 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 47.10 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 41.30 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -1431  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -312  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -37  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 ...  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 ...  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 122  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 106  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 105  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 108  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 106  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 ...  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.4 2009.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 8.1  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ... November. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 20.6 November. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. 2008.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 17.6 November. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ... November. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 34.0 November. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. 2008.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 38.5 November. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 55.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 55.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 54.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 79.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 78.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 75.9  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 2406 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 855 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 ... Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 1157  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 1426  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 124.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 98.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 10.7  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 21.7 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 18.4 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 10.5  
Exports (million US$) 2012 1683.2  
Imports (million US$) 2012 5373.2  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -3690.0  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Switzerland (32.6), Kazakhstan (24.1), Russian Federation (13.0)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Russian Federation (33.2), China (22.5), Kazakhstan (9.7)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9  
Urban population (%) 2013 35.5  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 30.4  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 7.5/5.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 97.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 71.8/63.4  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 33.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.1  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 47.8 2005-2006.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 227.0/4.1  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 197769 Includes 172,000 people who are in an internally displaced person-like situation.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 92.1/92.8 National estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 55.3  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 2.9/11.3  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 23.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 40  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 5.1  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 6394/1.2  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 540.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 442 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 4.8/17.0 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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