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Summary statistics
Region Central Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 199949  
Population (est., 000) 5625  
Pop. density (per sq km) 28.1  
Capital city Bishkek  
Capital city pop. (000) 858  
Currency Som (KGS)  
UN membership date 2 March 1992  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 7226  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 4794  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2460  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 10.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -0.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 -0.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 1302.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 898.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 487.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 1269.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 834.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 471.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 30.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 28.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 16.2  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 49.25 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 47.10 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 41.30 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -1684  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -317  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -37  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 ...  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 129 2006.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 122  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 ... ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 145 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 112  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 105  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 114  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 107  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 8.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.6  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 8.1  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 20.6 ISIC Rev.3. November. 2008.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 17.6 ISIC Rev.3. November.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 34.0 ISIC Rev.3. November. 2008.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 38.5 ISIC Rev.3. November.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 56.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 55.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 54.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 79.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 78.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 75.9  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 3076 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 855 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 ... Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 73 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 53  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 60  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 121.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 98.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 10.7  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 23.4 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 18.4 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 10.5  
Exports (million US$) 2013 1773.2  
Imports (million US$) 2013 5983.0  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -4209.8  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Switzerland (28.9), Kazakhstan (21.6), United Arab Emirates (12.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Russian Federation (33.2), China (23.9), Kazakhstan (9.3)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2  
Urban population (%) 2014 35.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 30.6  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 7.6/5.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 97.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 71.8/63.4  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 33.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.1  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 36.3  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 227.0/4.1  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 16137  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 6.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 92.1/92.8 National estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 61.4  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 9.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 23.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 41  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 5.2  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 6.9  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 88.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 92.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 6615/1.2  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 32.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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