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Summary statistics
Region Western Asia  
Currency Kuwaiti Dinar (KWD)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 17818  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 3251  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 182.4  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Kuwait City (2406)  
United Nations membership date 14 May 1963  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 183219  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 119918  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 80798  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 5.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -2.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 10.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 56366.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 40085.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 35185.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 59194.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 43234.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 39042.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 15.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 18.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 14.6  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 0.28 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.28 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.29 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 79209  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 36958  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 30071  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 152  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 141  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 109  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 168  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 134  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 168  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 135  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 20.6 Population census. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 2.7 Population census. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 43.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 42.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 44.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 82.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 82.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 81.9  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 5729 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 5208 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 3474 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ... Data for crude petroleum production include 50 per cent of the output of the Neutral Zone.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 134656 Data for crude petroleum production include 50 per cent of the output of the Neutral Zone.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 146560 Data for crude petroleum production include 50 per cent of the output of the Neutral Zone.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 191.1 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 145.4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 61.1 Incomplete coverage.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 79.2 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 61.4 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 25.9  
Exports (million US$) 2012 102695.8 2011.  
Imports (million US$) 2012 25142.0 2011.  
Balance (million US$) 2012 77553.8 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 ... 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 China (14.8), United States (10.7), Japan (6.6) 2011.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7  
Urban population (%) 2013 98.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 24.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 3.9/3.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 148.7  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.5/73.4  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 8.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.6  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 52.0 1999.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 2028.1/60.2 Data refer to foreign citizens. Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 94676  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.8 UNESCO estimate.  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 102.9/103.1  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 64.3 UNESCO estimate. 2004.  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.6/1.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 4.6  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 42  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 <  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 93619/34.2  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 11998.0 Data for crude petroleum production include 50 per cent of the output of the Neutral Zone.  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 116 Based on monthly averages for the period 1994-2008.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 19.9/34.3 Based on monthly averages for the period 1994-2008.  
Trade Profile
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