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Summary statistics
Region Oceania-Micronesia  
Surface area (sq km) 726 Land area only. Excluding 84 square km of uninhabited islands.  
Population (est., 000) 104  
Pop. density (per sq km) 143.2  
Capital city Bairiki Refers to the island of Tarawa.  
Capital city pop. (000) 4 2010.  
Currency Australian Dollar (AUD)  
UN membership date 14 September 1999  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 175  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 153  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 112  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 2.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -1.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 1705.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1567.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1239.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 2552.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 2290.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 1406.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 44.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 41.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 49.5  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 1.13 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.98 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1.36 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -15 2012.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 1  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -19 2006.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 ... Tarawa.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 125 Tarawa. 2008.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 110 Tarawa.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 121  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 118  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 95  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 121  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 118  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 95  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 6 Air arrivals. Tarawa and Christmas Island.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 5 Air arrivals. Tarawa and Christmas Island.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 4 Air arrivals. Tarawa and Christmas Island.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 0 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 0  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 16.6 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 10.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 0.7  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 11.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 9.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 4.0 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 6.7  
Imports (million US$) 2013 97.1  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -90.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Morocco (23.9), Marshall Islands (13.4), Fiji (11.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Australia (26.8), Singapore (21.1), Fiji (14.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.8  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4  
Urban population (%) 2014 44.2  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 31.4  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 7.5/5.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 99.0  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 71.6/65.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 34.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.0  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 22.3  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 2.6/2.6  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 12.0 2001.  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 106.3/99.4  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 8.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 8.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 100  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 15.0  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 11.8  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 67.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 40.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 62/0.6  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 9.0 UNSD estimate.  
Trade Profile
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