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Map
Kenya
Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Currency Kenyan Shilling (KES)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 581313  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 41610  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 71.6  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Nairobi (3363)  
United Nations membership date 16 December 1963  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 34059  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 32181  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 18739  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 4.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 819.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 794.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 526.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 816.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 791.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 523.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 20.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 20.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 18.7  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 85.07 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 80.75 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 72.37 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -3333  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -2369  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -252  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 152 Nairobi. Index base 2007=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 134 Nairobi. Series linked to former series. Index base 2007=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 149 Nairobi. Low income group.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 122  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 125  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 123  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 126  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 6.7 Household income and expenditure survey. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 61.1 Household income and expenditure survey. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 61.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 61.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 60.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 71.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 71.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 69.9  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 ...  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1470  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1399  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 297 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 347  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 65.5  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 62.6  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 13.8  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 28.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 14.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 3.1  
Exports (million US$) 2011 5169.1 2010.  
Imports (million US$) 2011 12092.9 2010.  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -6923.8 2010.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Uganda (12.7), United Kingdom (9.8), United Rep. Tanzania (8.1) 2010.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 China (12.6), United Arab Emirates (12.1), India (10.8) 2010.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.4  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Urban population (%) 2012 24.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 42.4  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.6/3.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 99.8  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 59.2/56.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 58.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.6  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 45.5  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 817.8/2.0 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 921827  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.7  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 86.9/91.1  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 41.2  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.3/37.0 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 9.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 346  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 6.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 12340/0.3  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 90.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1024  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 12.0/23.4  
Trade Profile
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