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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 591958  
Population (est., 000) 45546  
Pop. density (per sq km) 78.5  
Capital city Nairobi  
Capital city pop. (000) 3768  
Currency Kenya Shilling (KES)  
UN membership date 16 December 1963  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 54443  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 39701  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 21493  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 6.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 1227.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 970.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 600.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 1218.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 966.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 597.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 20.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 20.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 19.1  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 86.31 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 80.75 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 72.37 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -4253 2012.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -2369  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -252  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 176 Index base 2007=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 134 Index base 2007=100. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 100 Index base 2007=100. 2007.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 123  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 123  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 123  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 124  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 9.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 9.3  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 9.5  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 6.7 Household income and expenditure survey. ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 61.1 Household income and expenditure survey. ISIC Rev.2.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 62.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 61.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 60.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 72.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 71.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 70.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 1434  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1470  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1399  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 356 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 374  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 338  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 70.6  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 61.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 12.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 39.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 14.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 3.1  
Exports (million US$) 2013 5537.0  
Imports (million US$) 2013 16394.5  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -10857.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Uganda (11.9), United Kingdom (7.9), United Rep. Tanzania (7.7)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 India (18.3), China (12.9), United Arab Emirates (8.3)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.3  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Urban population (%) 2014 25.2  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 42.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 4.7/4.1  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 99.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 63.5/59.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 51.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 45.5  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 955.5/2.2 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 589772  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 6.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 92.1/94.1  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 41.2  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 6.4  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 19.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 428  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 6.1  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 10.6  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 62.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 30.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 13568/0.3  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 12.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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