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Summary statistics
Region Central Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 2724900  
Population (est., 000) 16607  
Pop. density (per sq km) 6.1  
Capital city Astana  
Capital city pop. (000) 741  
Currency Tenge (KZT)  
UN membership date 2 March 1992  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 224415  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 148047  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 57124  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 6.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 9.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 13650.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 9298.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 3792.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 11818.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 8082.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 3435.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 23.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 24.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 28.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 154.06 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 147.50 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 133.98 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -118  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 1411  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1031  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 ...  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 198 2008.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 140  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 127  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 107  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 126  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 108  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 5.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 5.8  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 8.1  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 19.4 2012.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 18.7 Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 18.0 ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 25.5 2012.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 28.3 Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 32.4 ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 67.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 66.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 64.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 77.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 76.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 75.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 4926  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 3196  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 3143  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 7029 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 6770  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 5119  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 180.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 121.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 35.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 54.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 31.6 Population aged 16-74.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 3.0  
Exports (million US$) 2013 82510.0  
Imports (million US$) 2013 48871.9  
Balance (million US$) 2013 33638.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Italy (18.5), China (17.4), Netherlands (11.8)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Russian Federation (36.2), China (16.8), Germany (5.7)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Urban population (%) 2014 53.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 26.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 12.6/8.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 92.8  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 72.3/60.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 24.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 51.0  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 3476.2/21.1  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 11326  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 3.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 99.5/101.1  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 58.5  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 7.8  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 26.2  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 77  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 1.2  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 3.3  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 93.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 97.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 261761/16.2  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 202.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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