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Summary statistics
Region Central Asia  
Currency Tenge (KZT)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 2724900  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 16271  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 6.0  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Astana (664)  
United Nations membership date 2 March 1992  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 202656  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 149335  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 57621  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 5.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 9.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 12454.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 9379.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 3825.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 10659.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 8001.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 3400.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 20.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 24.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 28.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 150.74 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 147.50 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 133.98 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 7716  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 1393  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1056  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 ...  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 198 2008.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 140  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 112  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 107  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 113  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 108  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 5.3  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 5.8  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 8.1  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 19.4  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 18.7  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 18.0 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 25.5  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 28.3  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 32.4 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 67.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 66.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 64.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 77.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 76.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 75.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 4807  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 3196  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 3143  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 165407  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 124792  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 175.4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 121.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 35.6  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 53.3 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 31.6 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 3.0  
Exports (million US$) 2012 92281.5  
Imports (million US$) 2012 44538.1  
Balance (million US$) 2012 47743.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 China (17.9), Italy (16.8), Netherlands (8.1)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Russian Federation (38.4), China (16.8), Ukraine (6.6)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Urban population (%) 2013 53.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 25.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 12.4/7.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 92.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 72.3/60.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 24.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 50.7  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 3476.2/21.1  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 11294  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 99.5/101.1  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 58.5  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 8.4/26.9  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 25.2  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 76  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 1.2  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 248525/15.5  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 4811.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 318  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) -4.0/7.6  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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